Sample Healthcare Paper on Mental Health and how it can be Handled

When we come to speak of mental health, many think that we’re speaking of mentally deranged people often prone to hurt others. But is the meaning of mental health? No. Mental health is not merely the absence of mental illness but the ability of oneself to deal with the difficulties that life presents and to better him/herself every day. Good mental health entails a positive mindset, contentment, psychological wellbeing, and happiness. Good mental health also works in harmony with spiritual, emotional, and physical wellbeing.  Commonly faced mental health issues people suffer from are anxiety and depression, especially among the youth today. Therefore, this essay will discuss in-depth mental health issues and recommend a detailed plan on how todays’ society can handle these issues and ensure everybody is mentally healthy.

Depression and anxiety are among the most common mental disorders in children and youth, with significant functional impairment and associated risk of suicide (Courtney et al. 2020). Discrimination, defined as unfair treatment of different categories of people, is a life stressor with significant adverse effects on both physical and mental health. Racial discrimination is a particular type of discrimination targeting members of racial and ethnic minorities such as Blacks. Blacks report higher levels of racial discrimination than other minority groups such as Hispanics.

Researchers have found that discrimination in general, and racial discrimination in particular, deteriorates mental health of individuals. It is proposed that discrimination may contribute to mental health problems uniquely compared to general and non-specific stressors. This argument is mainly based on the observations that experiences and perceptions of racial discrimination better predict psychological distress compared with other types of stressors. Discrimination influences several dimensions of mental health. More interestingly higher levels of discrimination may predict long-term adverse outcomes for mental health, while the converse may not be true. These findings suggest that racial discrimination may be a distinct contributor to the development of psychopathology in racial minority groups (Assari et al. 2017).

There are growing concerns about the impact of digital technologies on children’s emotional wellbeing, particularly regarding fear, anxiety, and depression. The two mental health categories of anxiety and depression will be discussed together because there are significant symptom overlap and comorbidity. Early research has explored the impact of traditional media (e.g., television, movies) on children’s acute fears, which can result in anxieties and related sleep disturbances that are difficult to remedy. More recent research deals with the interactive nature of newer media, especially social media, and their impacts on anxiety and depression. Key topics of inquiry include the following: anxiety and depression associated with technology-based negative social comparison, anxiety resulting from lack of emotion-regulation skills because of substituted digital media use, social anxiety from avoidance of social interaction because of substituted digital media use, anxiety because of worries about being inadequately connected, and anxiety, depression, and suicide as the result of cyberbullying and related behaviour. A growing body of research confirms the relationship between digital media and depression. Although there is evidence that greater electronic media use is associated with depressive symptoms, there is also evidence that the social nature of digital communication may be harnessed in some situations to improve mood and to promote health-enhancing strategies. Much more research is needed to explore these possibilities (Hoge et al. 2017).

Apart from physical suffering, it is not uncommon for confirmed or suspected cases of COVID-19 to suffer from great psychological pressure and other health-related problems. Health professionals are of no exception as they have the duty of care to the infected patients, close contacts with patients’ families/ relatives, and sometimes, facing the public enquiry. Confirmed and suspected cases of the COVID-19 may experience fear of severe disease consequences and the contagion. Consequently, they may experience loneliness, denial, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and despair, which may lower treatment adherence. Some of these cases may even have an increased risk of aggression and suicide. Suspected isolated cases may suffer from anxiety due to uncertainty about their health status and develop obsessive-compulsive symptoms, such as repeated temperature check and sterilization.

Further, strict quarantine and mandatory contact tracing policy by health authorities could cause societal rejection, financial loss, discrimination, and stigmatization. The limited knowledge of the COVID-19 and the overwhelming news may lead to anxiety and fear in public. The public at large may also experience boredom, disappointment, and irritability under the isolation measures (Li et al. 2020). In addition to representing a major threat to population physical health, the COVID‐19 pandemic poses a threat to population mental health due to increased and prolonged feelings of fear and uncertainty; separation and grief; and disruption to social and economic systems. Emerging international evidence indicates that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms are common in the general population during the early phase of this pandemic. Another threat to population mental health is the implementation of nationwide quarantine measures enacted to curb the spread of COVID‐19. While quarantine can be an effective public health measure, it comes at high economic, social and psychological costs (Hyland et al. 2020).

Mental health issues shouldn’t be taken lightly since failure to detect early youth mental problems maybe not only a burden to the family and self but also a crisis to a nation. This failure leads to increased risk of drug and alcohol abuse, academic failure, social isolation, unemployment, poor health, and suicide attempts. Thus, to combat mental health issues the society at large needs to come together. Society should not view opening up about depression or anxiety as a weakness rather view it as a great step of strength. Viewing an open up as weakness may hold one from opening up, and their depression and anxiety may continue to pile up, thus leading to a point where one gives up in life and commits suicide.

Secondly, during this hard time of the pandemic, even though the government has put restrictions for the sake of everyone’s good, people should take this time and put aside digital gadgets like phones and start interacting with their family members and spend this moment learning more about each other. This time could also be spent reading books, exercising, learning how to cook and improve on one’s hobby. Another way to combat mental health issues is to embrace oneself in all of the entirety and not to allow anyone’s definition about you get into your head rather have your definition about thy self this means one should love him/herself unconditionally. Parents should also monitor or reduce their children’s access to digital devices and encourage them to play with other children to improve their social interaction. Also, society should stop promoting racial discrimination and educate the young generation on the importance of togetherness not to judge others based on their skin colour since we are all the same at the core. Doing this will cub mental health problems and promote social harmony, thus leading to a thriving generation.

In conclusion, good mental health must be at the fore of everyone. Thus this is why we celebrate the 10th of October as the World Mental Health Day to remind us to aspire good mental health not only for ourselves but also for others.

 

 

 

References

Courtney, D., Watson, P., Battaglia, M., Mulsant, B. H., & Szatmari, P. (2020). COVID-19 impacts on child and youth anxiety and depression: challenges and opportunities. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry65(10), 688-691.

Assari, S., Moazen-Zadeh, E., Caldwell, C. H., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2017). Racial discrimination during adolescence predicts mental health deterioration in adulthood: gender differences among blacks. Frontiers in Public Health5, 104.

Hoge, E., Bickham, D., & Cantor, J. (2017). Digital media, anxiety, and depression in children. Pediatrics140(Supplement 2), S76-S80.

Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., … & Vallières, F. (2020). Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica142(3), 249-256.

Li, W., Yang, Y., Liu, Z. H., Zhao, Y. J., Zhang, Q., Zhang, L., … & Xiang, Y. T. (2020). Progression of mental health services during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. International journal of biological sciences16(10), 1732.