I know there is a lot of information currently going around about the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), and I feel that it is becoming increasingly difficult to determine what is accurate and what is not accurate. The public needs information that they can rely on, particularly on reducing the chances of being infected or even of spreading the virus after infection, and I believe the information provided herein will be able to address this need as the information is obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO), which is an authoritative entity for health information, and is thus credible.
As an individual, you can reduce your probability of infection by taking various simple precautions. The first of this is through regular hand washing. Hand hygiene is a standard procedure that has been recommended by the WHO for infection prevention in a variety of hospital settings and is currently finding significant application in the prevention of COVID-19 (WHO par. 3). When washing hands, it is recommended that you thoroughly clean hands using soap and clean water or an alcohol based hand-rub. The recommended procedure for washing hands involves rubbing hands together and ensuring that the areas between the fingers are well cleaned. Cleaning hands well helps to kill the COVID-19 virus that could have adhered to the hands and is considered the most basic preventive measure. Alcohol-based hand rub is easily available from various retail outlets and can also be prepared through various simple approaches that are recommended by the WHO.
The second practice that can help in reducing the probability of infection is through maintaining social distance. The common message heard is that people should ‘stay at home’. However, I believe there are many people who would not adhere to this directive unless they have accurate information of what social distance helps to attain. In this context, consider social distance to mean a minimum of 1 meter from one person to the other. It is important to note that when a person suffering from COVID-19 sneezes, the virus can be borne in the small liquid droplets produced during sneezing, and are deposited at a distance of not more than one meter from the victim. By standing close to people, you therefore increase the probability of breathing in the droplets, which can lead to infection. Maintaining social distance therefore helps you, who is not infected, to avoid contracting the disease.
You also need to avoid crowded places. I have spoken about social distance and I know it may be construed to mean the same thing as avoiding crowded places. However, this point is important to mention separately because as much as one may attempt to maintain social distance in crowded places by keeping one meter apart from others, situations occur in crowded places that make it difficult to maintain social distance hence increasing the probability of contact with infected people. When around people, also ensure to maintain good respiratory hygiene by covering your mouth and nose using your elbow when sneezing and disposing used tissue immediately. Remember to clean your hands after such activity. Another practice that needs to be followed is to avoid touching your nose, eyes or mouth. Contaminated hands can transfer the virus to these organs and to the body.
While most of this information is already in the public domain, getting them from trusted sources such as the WHO gives the assurance of effectiveness and the authorities are best placed to give advice on self-protection. Do remember that the outlined practices are for your own protection and should not be implemented merely as a response to government directives. You can also seek other resources on the effective use of alcohol-based hand-rub as well as best hand-washing practices from the WHO. While implementing all these, do not forget to self-isolate at home and to call your local authorities in case you experience any symptoms of COVID-19. With these in mind and with good implementation, we can be assured of a prolific future.
- Persuasive Speech on Pro-Choice
In a study that was recently conducted by Yokoe et al. the authors confirmed that nearly 67% of the abortions conducted in India are unsafe abortions and hence have high risks of mortality (1). The prevalence of unsafe abortions varies from 45%-70% of all the abortions performed in different countries across the world, with countries in which abortion is illegal exhibiting the highest percentage of unsafe abortions (Haelle par. 3-4). This only points to the fact that the legalization of abortion (promotion of pro-choice), can help increase access to safe abortions throughout the world.
Childbirth is a subject that requires serious discourse because of its long-term effects. With emphasis on pro-life over pro-choice and the subsequent criminalization of abortion, most countries subject women to the dilemma of choosing between accessing unsafe abortions and living with the regrets of having a child from an unwanted pregnancy. The first option increases the risk of mortality, hence reducing the number of productive individuals in a country. The second option comes with long-term mental and physical effects that would not have been had with the option to go pro-choice. Women who choose to have children have an 87-94% risk of physical illness including backache, incontinence or hemorrhoids post-partum and up to 30% risk of post-partum depression (Haelle par. 6). These effects can go for the long-term, sometimes for more than 6 months after childbirth. On the other hand, women who have abortions are only subject to grief or sadness during the few months post-abortion. These statistics indicate that by forcing our women to carry to term pregnancies against their wish, we subject them to preventable physical and emotional pains. These pains can be eliminated by allowing women to only undergo childbirth if it is their wish and to have abortions if they want to.
The common argument among the pro-lifers is that the life of the fetus is as important as the mother, and that the child should be allowed to live through to natural death. What these pro-lifers forget is the life of the mother. The utilitarian ethical perspective could be applied in evaluating the ethics of abortion. The option that gives the maximum number of benefits for the greatest number of people should be pursued. By choosing pro-choice, more people benefit compared to those who are hurt. First, the risk of death during childbirth is up to 11 times higher than the risk of death during abortions (Haelle par. 7). Furthermore, the economic impacts of childbirth to the mother and to their families at large are much higher and for a longer term than those associated with abortion. By popularizing pro-life therefore, policies increase the exposure of mothers and their families to pain while only saving the child. On the other hand, legalizing abortion helps prevent unwanted childbirths, hence saves the mother and their families from distress at the expense of only the child. The question to ask therefore is, “would you rather save the child forcefully and risk the life and finances of a productive member of the society?”
Comparing the pros and cons of abortion and those of childbirth should be sufficient towards showing us the direction we ought to go in terms of abortion legalization. While pushing for policy changes therefore, we should consistently ask ourselves whether we would like to see women continuously undergo the pain they desire to let go of. The key question is, what are we willing to sacrifice?
- Speech for a Special Occasion – Wedding Speech
Mr. Jones and Ms. Jennifer have invited us here today to witness their union and celebrate with them. As friends and family, we come to confirm that the two have loved each other and found it fit to come together in holy matrimony. They have made a bold step, and their union will be blessed as God made man for woman and directed that a man should at one time leave his parents and join with the wife to become one, and the woman should do the same. After this step, the two have a long way to go and this is just the beginning; and because this is your day Jones and Jennifer, I will be speaking solely to you.
This function is a wedding between the two of you, the rest of us are mere spectators. Your marriage should reflect the same characteristic. The two of you are partners, united into one. Always consider your partner as the biggest and closest support you have. Nothing should ever be known to the spectators before the team members know, and the first consultation should be within the team. Just like you do not know the intentions of all spectators during this function, you will never know their intentions through the walk with your team-mate. Maybe some of them had doubts about the wedding and will be continuously hoping that your marriage fails. When you expose the weak links in your chain to such people they will use it to destroy you instead of supporting your success.
I would also like you to remember that marriage comes with challenges. I have told you to share everything about your marriage with your partner first. Now I am telling you that it will not always be easy. You do not know each other entirely, and during your stay together, you may realize certain traits that may not be interesting at the beginning. The first five years will be toughest and will continuously test your patience and resilience. Always remember that you made the vow to be there for each other for better and for worse. In the days you feel particularly dark, remember that those are the ‘worse’ days. Wait patiently for each other, communicate incessantly with each other, and love one another earnestly. For love covers over a multitude of sins and you will surely come through the dark days.
My place is only to advice you on the next steps to take and I would not want to take too much of your time as I really want this celebration to kick off. However, my last word to you is that keeping things between the two of you and addressing your challenges will not be easy and will need divine intervention. Do keep God always in your minds. May God be the third strand in your marriage, and may his grace fill you to overflow. May your marriage be productive and exemplary, and may you always love and cherish one another as you have shown today.
Haelle, Tara. “5 Reasons The Supreme Court Abortion Decision Benefits Women’s Health.” Forbes Magazine, 27 Jun 2016. www.forbes.com/sites/tarahaelle/2016/06/27/5-reasons-supreme-court-abortion-decision-benefits-womens-health/#482be0c77339. Accessed 10 June 2020.
World Health Organization (WHO). “Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Advice for the Public.” WHO, 29 Apr 2020. www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public. Accessed 10 June 2020.
Yokoe, Ryo, Rachel Rowe, Saswati sanyal Choudhury, Anjali Rani, Farzana Zahir and Manisha Nair. “Unsafe abortion and abortion-related death among 1.8 million women in India.” BMJ Global Health, vol. 4. gh.bmj.com/content/bmjgh/4/3/e001491.full.pdf. Accessed 10 June 2020.