Sample Geology Paper on Contemporary Environmental Issues

Question 1

Land degradation refers to the loss or reduction of the earth’s or land’s biological economic productivity and complexity. Land degradation and transformation often occurs as a result of practices such as soil erosion, soil and water pollution, as well as increased practices such as grazing, tiling, logging, and plowing. It should be noted that the world’s soils store more carbon that the earth’s biomass and atmosphere combined. Thus, when land is degraded, the carbon contained in soil is released into the atmosphere alongside nitrous oxide, and these contribute to climate change. Iowa is one of the states in the United States worst hit by land transformation and degradation over the years. In the 1800s Iowa witnessed breaking of the land which paved the way for industrial farming from the 1950s to present. The result is that a high carbon content has been released to the atmosphere contributing to the climate change problem facing the state today.

Question 2

Ms. Mutel believes that the issue of climate change is mainly as a result of intensified human activities that cause land transformation and degradation. She believes that humans have what it takes to address climate change. This entails staying connected and involved in the fight against climate change, teaching basic climate science, and others. According to Ms. Mutel, humans must have a voice when it comes to addressing climate change. These sentiments are shared by Dr. Hayhoe who believes that climate change is real and that humans must act now if they are to address the issue. Dr. Hayhoe believes that people should be taught how to scale across shared values, and this could play a key role in addressing climate change.

Question 3

To be “carbon neutral” also referred to as carbon neutrality, refers to the action taken by individuals, organizations, or businesses to remove as much carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as each of the mentioned parties release into the atmosphere. Some of the interventions aimed at achieving carbon neutrality in the world today include the growth of renewable energy such as solar and wind, new technologies, and new policies. The significance of becoming carbon neutral is that it helps to reduce carbon emission into the atmosphere, which in turn, helps to address the issue of climate change.

Question 4

A perspective learned in the course is that climate change and land degradation have adverse impacts on human life. Of course, there are several solutions to climate change and land degradation that humans can implement. For instance, humans should focus on preserving biodiversity. The loss of biodiversity occurs as a result of human activities and practices such as logging, grazing, plowing, and tiling. Instead, humans should embrace sustainable farming practices that would prevent the loss of biodiversity thereby leading to climate change and land degradation. In Iowa, for instance, people have intensified farming and increasingly use pesticides and herbicides that cause land degradation. If people used organic manure instead of the farm chemicals and fertilizers, the issues of climate change and land degradation would be avoided.


Question 5

One of the simple solutions to the climate change problem is staying connected, involved, and acting locally. The common individual must advocate for the conservation of the environment. At the institutional level, people must focus on teaching basic climate science. Also, people must have a passion for nature and seek to empower others to have a passion for nature. Moreover, it is important for people to have healthy living practices.