Mughal Empire was one of the famous kingdoms in India for many reasons. Several events that took place in the empire transformed it and became of its great history. In this paper, we shall explore on the major events that surrounded the empire and analyzing its timeline in details. The first battle for Mughal Empire was in 1526 when Babur when its king, Babur took over Delhi in a battle that occurred at Panipat. This capture led to the formation of the Empire. During that time, Mughal Empire was the only regional power.
After his death, Hamayun, his son took over the mantle of leadership but lost it for twenty-five years before regaining it. It was later united under Jalal-u-din Mohammad, being the first emperor, born in India. Because of his strategies, he annexed Rajputana and moved Mughal Empire’s border to Vindyas. He was later known as Akbar the Great. He introduced several reforms in the empire. Among other things, he abolished Jizya tax, which made Hindus pay for being non-Muslims. He increased treasury, making the empire economically stable that his successor, his son, Jahangir had easy time to carry out his military campaign.
One of the strategies of Akbar was to establish good diplomatic ties with European nations for trade purposes. As such, several diplomatic dignitaries visited the empire. They included Portuguese, English and French envoys who came looking for trade opportunities with the regional power. Because of his generosity, Akbar allowed the visitors from different parts of the world stay in India. It was during his time that the economy of the empire blossomed, because of huge taxes from European outposts. The king also allowed foreign traders to traverse India and conduct trade operations in the interior of the empire even though some were considered barbaric.
Jahangir was determined to invade and take over Deccan, after he succeeded his father in 1605. His intention was to capitalize on the stable state of the empire, as he had enough accumulation of money. He launched the attacks by invading Golconda Sultanate, allowing him to expand Mughal Empire’s border to India. Travancore was the only state that was left because it had vassal facilities, which allowed it to remain independent until the death of Maharaj. By the time of Jahangir’s death, he was yet to capture Portuguese ports of Bom Baia and Goa. Shah Jahan, his son, accomplished this after taking over leadership of Mughal Empire. After his relentless pressure, Portuguese left the empires, leaving behind British and French as the only European powers present in India at that time. With time, they were also eliminated, making Mughal Empire the only country on Indian subcontinent.
When Dara Shiko became king of Mughal Empire, Mughals shifted their attention to the northern side. They targeted Samarkand, which was the capital of Timurid Empire. The town was also famous because it was the birthplace of India’s emperor. He organized his armies and successfully took over the city, extending to Kazakh Khanate. This was revenge on how Shaybanids had attacked Timurids. With this expansion, future emperors were able to capture more territories.
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