Sample Essay on Structured Inequality

Structured Inequality


Every so often, race as a social concept has not be taken serious as many people contemplate that the American system of leadership and the legal framework have defeated the bad habit. This is false because of the verity that most of black Americans still agonize from disparity prejudices, racism, racial profiling as well as discernment. Despite the fact that the president of America is an African American elected by the people, the nation is not free from physical disparity racism, prejudices or discernment. Even though an individual may demonstrate that the scope of bigotry and discernment has lessened, it still thrives in the minds as well as setting of the American system. The United States department results in 2003 showed that African Americans made 10.4 percent of all the imprisoned people at the age of 25 to 29 years, expound the stand these individuals have taken. This is in comparison to similar results where Hispanic men imprisoned were 2.4 percent whereas white Americans were only 1.2 percent.

Despite the fact that it may be factual that the African Americans are vulnerable to wrongdoings because of their past account, social, financial, education level and demographic patterns amongst other facets, there is no equal treatment against white Americans when it comes to sentences, trials, and arrests or jail terms. Study undertaken shows that the African Americans are most probable to get unkind jail terms as well as more years when sentenced in comparison to white people. Altogether, even though the justice framework is perceived as unbiased, certain components of controlled disparities, where the African American are discriminated when it comes to conviction or prosecution. The same happens when it comes to convictions on capital punishments despite the offended being the African America, whereby less actions are taken against the white American. This paper will focus on dealing with the issue why many African American men between age bracket of 25 to 29 years are probable to be jailed than the white people or Latinos, facets that impact those involved in the wrongdoing and also the planned disparities in the judicial framework when it comes to lawyers, lawmakers as well as judges composition.

Why blacks at the age of 25-29 are more likely to be in jail than the Whites or Latinos

From the study as well as research undertaken, the population of black Americans who get jailed is more than the number of people from other races. Black men aged 25 to 29 years are probable to remain in cell accompanied by harsh punishment. Several explanations can be pinpointed to this verity that incorporate the resulting variables.

Socioeconomic factors

As stated by Torr (2004), black people experience challenging financial issues, and this pushes them to take part in wrongdoings than the white people. Torr (2004) signposted that the joblessness rate of blacks is double that of the white Americans, and poverty rates are thrice than those of the white Americans. Financial gap as well as poverty led to wrongdoings as individuals struggle to find ways to meet their social needs. These leads to the black Americans being vulnerable to joblessness as well as poverty, and thus, take part in criminal habits that result to their apprehension and trial. As Robert and Rector (2000) in Schram (2006) stated, the US Bureau of Census (1999) showed that 33.1 percent of the black kids were deprived in comparison to 13.5 percent of the white children populace (Schram, 2006). Poverty is more probable to push the black Americans to take part in wrongdoings so as to sustain themselves.

 Family Setup

Study undertaken shows that a link between wrongdoings as well as family setups exists. Certainly, poor child Proofreading-Editingupbringing as well as single childcare have been ascribed for swaying youngsters to participate in wrongdoings in coming days. Simultaneously, family violence as well as children abuse probably sway youngsters to take part in wrongdoing. Majority of black America single parents are poor, and this impacts the development of their kids who get involved in criminal activities leading to their apprehension as well as trial.


Education aids greatly in lessening criminal activities as it lessens financial merit of an individual taking part in the wrong activity. The white people are more probable to acquire finest education than the black people, and thus they have more job openings than the black people. Being deprived education leads to joblessness as well as poverty. To meet day to day requirements, many people start taking part in wrongdoings that eventually get them apprehended as well as imprisoned.

Community and the peer pressure

The community where people live shows what to expect in near future. Living in poor houses, congested as well as slum regions, where security is not guaranteed is probable to push youngsters to take part in wrongdoings as well as gangs. Due to the fact that many deprived black people live in slums, they are probable to be apprehended for wrongdoings, crimes and other harmful conducts than the white people.

 Alcohol and drug abuse

Alcohol plays a great role when it comes to criminal undertakings. Even though it is not backed by exceptional facts, poverty degree amongst the black youngsters pushes them to participate in alcohol consumption more than the white people. The alcohol venture causes individuals involved to traffic weapons in the states, be part of other crimes and hijack people as they undertake their illegitimate ventures. Black people are more involved in these crimes than white people in the society and this causes more apprehension, trial as well as sentencing.

Racial discrimination

Despite backing for the equality and unbiased judgment by judges in the legal framework, research from the California study showed that Black people were jailed for longer periods more than the white people were offered probation terms (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2012). This shows the unjust treatment amongst the black people and the white judges.  This is probable to lead to one race being enslaved than the other.

Racial disparity in prison sentencing

In the account of the judicial framework in the U.S, there is a verified racial profiling on offenders sentencing. Study shows that in June 2004, 4919 out of every 10000 African Americans, 1717 of 10000 Hispanic men, and 717 of 100000 white men were imprisoned (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2012, p. 284). These verities can be acquired from two proportions; the judges sentencing decisions and the statistics acquired from the prison populace and admissions. As Spohn (2008) designates, racial gap in sentencing has not culminated as the 2006 figures showed that per 100000 citizens under imprisonment, 3042 were the ratio for the black male, 1261 for the Hispanic male, and 487 for the whites (171-176). This shows a sign of disparity and may have been as a result of several facets.

One of the motives that could expound the inequality in imprisonment, may be due to the verity that black American men and the Hispanic take part in many wrongdoings in comparison to the white people (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2012, p. 285). Whilst, it could be probable that this people have more wrongdoing accounts in comparison to the white people. Simultaneously, due to the financial disparity amongst the white and black Americans, the young African American are probable to be jobless, and this has forced them to take part in wrongdoings, therefore causing their apprehension as well as imprisonment. Spohn (2008) expounds that jobless people are probable to get rougher sentence than those working, causing racial discernment whilst the black American is probable to get rougher sentence due to prejudices and discernment from the judges (Spohn, 2008, pp. 171-176). The judge might consider the ethnicity and race of the offended when making decisions, which leads to a prejudiced sentence.

Representation of the African Americans in the criminal justice system

The many black Americans in prison can be expounded from the presentation of viewpoints of the judges, lawyers, prosecutors as well as legislative representation. The few black Americans in the justice framework brings in an option of prejudice in the system. When the prosecutor is white, the judge being white, and the defense of black ethnicity, some incidents culminate in discriminatory verdict.  As Free (2003) pointed out, 12.8% of the US population are Black Americans, but less than 9% of their population is represented in the House of Representatives (19-24). Whilst, the judicial framework is known to make up only 5.7% of African American lawyers and judges. This is a sign that black American people are underrepresented in the power structure than in the legislature or in judiciary, and this showed that the underrepresentation is probable to impact the manner judgment is undertaken on the black and white criminals.

The existence of few African American lawyers causes underrepresentation of the black people in the court of law.  Whilst many cases that black Americans deal with may exhaust the lawyers as well as defense counsels, causing a circumstance that they will not be capable of dealing with these cases successfully. Even though this is not backed by material verities, it is factual that they are surprised by the workload of representing the black Americans. It ought to be denoted that the component of discernment is culminating, however some destructive components may yet be evident that should be dealt with. Hudson, in his book “Entangled by White Supremacy” directs that the cruelty of the white people does not acknowledge the blacks in the job market as well as education industry, in the sense that the white people hold every work place in the discriminatory system, judge, lawmaker, sheriff and county magistrate (Hudson, 2009).

Even though discrimination condition has significantly lessened, the social creation of disparity is still present. With disparity existing, it is vastly doubtful that the current situation of the American system will completely adjust, chiefly due to the fact that there are those individuals who have labeled black Americans to be of second class as well as nobody, if not mediocre to the white people.


The black American men of the aged bracket of 25 to 29 years are most probable to be jailed than any other races. This is due to the black peoples’ predisposing facets, which incorporate discriminations, underrepresentation, poor academic backgrounds as well as socioeconomic status amongst other facets. The percentage of lawyers, judges and other professions in the judicial system fails to equally represent the African Americans, and this may have led to high rate of black prisoners in jail. More has to be undertaken to deal with the numerous social constructions that restrict equality and parity in the American justice system.

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Cochran, J. L., & Fisher, D. (2003). A lawyer’s life. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin’s.

Free, M. D. (Ed.). (2003). Racial issues in criminal justice: The case of African Americans. Greenwood publishing group.

Hudson, J. (2009). Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina. University Press of Kentucky.

Schram, S. F. (2006). Welfare discipline: Discourse, governance, and globalization. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Spohn, C. (2008). How do judges decide The search for fairness and justice in punishment. SAGE Publications Inc.

Torr, J. D. (2004). Crime and criminals: Opposing viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.

Walker, S., Spohn, C., & DeLone, M. (2012). The Color of justice: Race, ethnicity, and crime in America. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.