The Russian revolution is a phrase that is used in reference to a series of uprisings that were experienced in Russia. The most dramatic ones that are referred to in this context took place in 1917. The revolutions brought to an end, an imperial rule by wealthy czars. As a result, several social and political changes took center stage leading to the establishment of the Soviet Union.
By 1917, a majority of the Russian population had lost trust in the way in which Nicholas II led the country. Many raised concerns over his imperial rule that favored only a handful of elites at the expense of the peasant majority. The level of corruption in government was at high stakes, the country’s economy was in tatters and the emperor continuously dissolved the Duma. These angered the people who felt betrayed by their leader.
Since Nicholas kept on dismissing the people, tempers were running so high and the majority was unhappy. Workers and farmers laid down their tools and refused to go to work in order to have their issues addressed. However, no action was taken and the people moved into the streets to riot in expression of their dissatisfaction with the regime. The response was quite bloody since Nicholas ordered his troops to attack the protestors using force that included even live bullets.
Through the use of force to silence the people from voicing their concerns, Russians turned against Nicholas II. The spirit of mass action spread fast across the nation and within no time, demonstrations were witnessed in cities and villages throughout Russia. The revolution grew much bigger when the soldiers who were used to quell the uprising turned to favoring the people. In a twist of events, Russian soldiers and sailors took the side of the protestors. This made the revolution to escalate to a level not expected. It became like the entire country was against Nicholas II.
Towards the end of the February revolution, there was a resolution to form a provisional government. However, it would not last for long before a coup d’état is unleashed by Bolshevik Party leader, Vladimir Lenin. This was yet another revolution that significantly weakened the provisional government. In fact, it was harsh such that the provisional government could not hold on together.
Since the Russian army had defected to the side of the people during the first revolution, Nicholas was left vulnerable to attacks and was eventually thrown out of power in the second revolution in October. Thus, the Bolsheviks and their allies under the leadership of Lenin took over the government.
Lenin brought with him several changes to the political, social and economic landscape of Russia. He withdrew Russia from WWI and made peace with Germany. Besides, he also nationalized industries and ensured proper distribution of land. In 1918, a devastating civil war broke out between his allies and white army forces that were against his rule. This went on for two years until the anti-Bolsheviks were finally neutralized. By 1922, the revolutions had been contained and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic was formed.