Facts about the Nile River
There are many resources in the world that have made life smooth and interesting. Rivers are substantial natural resources that present many benefits to human beings. A river is a natural watercourse usually of freshwater flowing towards ocean, lake, a sea or another river. Rivers are part of the hydrological cycle and there are numerous roles used as source of water, for food production, for transport or as a source of hydropower. One of the famous and widely acknowledged rivers is Nile River.
Nile River is the longest river in the world and got its name from the Greek word Neilos- meaning a valley. The Nile River floods into the lands in Egypt and usually leaves behind black sediment and this made the ancient Egyptians name the river Ar to stand for black. The Nile River serves 11 countries and this includes Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eretria, Sudan and Egypt. Above all, Nile is the core water source for Egypt and Sudan. There are incredible facts about the Nile River that you should be well-versed and they include;
- Many people know Nile is the longest river, but many do not have clues on the actual size. Surprisingly, Nile is 6695 kilometers or 4148 miles long.
- For many people, it is a fact that the Nile winds from Uganda to Ethiopia flowing via a total of nine countries that entail Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania , Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and Egypt. A navigation team recently revealed more on Nile, by following it from the main source to the final destination.
- The Nile river flows from the high mountain of the eastern part of Africa and middle regions within the northern section of Africa to Nile Delta.
- There are two major branches of the Nile; the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The two branches join at Khartoum.
- The core sources of Nile are Lake Victoria which feeds the White Nile branch and Lake Tana that feeds the Blue Nile.
- The ancient Egyptians used the Nile in many ways. The river helped greatly during the civilization period and helped shape the life and history of the Citizens. The river has helped to produce extremely fertile soils which made it easy for the focused farmers to excel in food production. The waterway also offered fresh drinking water and for irrigation. The river also made it easy grow papyrus reeds making it easy to make papers and quality building materials. The river also served as a great source of transportation.
- You can also find the largest crocodiles in the Nile River. Other animals living in and within the surrounding region close to the river include mongoose, turtles, hippopotamus, tortoise, baboons, frogs, different types of fish and hundred species of birds.
- The Aswan High Dam was built in 1970 to help regulate flooding of the Nile River. The dam has offered immeasurable benefits in controlling floods and drought within the river basin.
Today the Nile River has brought a lot of changes in the regions. Attractive and refined cities like Cairo, situated within the banks of the river are great attraction not only for the African people, but also foreigners from every walk of life. More matchless developments are also taking place in the regions and more is anticipated in the future.
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