Sample Environmental Studies Paper on Issues Relating to Obesity

Issues Relating to Obesity

What is obesity, and why is it a problem?

Obesity is a condition characterized by accumulation of fats to excess level in the body. It can be caused by both hereditary, ecological factors some of which are uncontrollable as well as lifestyle like poor dieting habits, alcoholism and smoking. Addressing the issue of obesity is vital because it can lead to numerous severe and potentially life-threatening conditions like diabetes, heart diseases and cancer (Gunta & Mak, 2013). Obesity can also affect a person’s quality of life and lead to mental problems, for example low self-esteem and depression.

Causes of obesity

The main factors that cause obesity, directly or indirectly, include behavior, environment, and genetics (Wright & Aronne, 2012). In today’s fast moving world, adopting unhealthy behaviors is very easy. Food selection and level of physical activity by individuals are important predisposing behavioral factors to obesity. Environment is very important in shaping a person’s behavior and lifestyle. There are various environmental forces that can impact a person’s health decisions. Today, people have developed a more inactive lifestyle as walking has been substituted by driving cars while technology has substituted physical actions. Consumers are preferring convenience foods instead of nutrition. Science also reveals that genetics contributes to obesity as they can lead to certain disorders which cause obesity (Wright & Aronne, 2012).

Impacts of obesity

Obesity can reduce a person’s life expectancy by about 9 years while also causing various chronic illnesses which can be prevented by upholding good lifestyle habits (Dennedy & Dunne, 2010). Obesity can also exert more pressure on joints and hence making activity rather difficult and at times movement can be painful. Additionally, pregnant obese women are at a higher risk of miscarriage compared to a healthy weight (Dennedy & Dunne, 2010).

Conceptual framework

The study recommends the ‘Behavior Change Ball’ as an instrument to assess the development and accomplishment of integrated community health policies inside local administration. The suggested conceptual framework differentiates organizational behaviors of local legislators at the strategic and operational levels, in addition to the determinants necessary for these conducts, and policy categories that can control them. The symbol of a ball in the framework is used to demonstrate the complexity of obtaining constant integrated approaches.



Dennedy, M. C., & Dunne, F. (2010). “The maternal and fetal impacts of obesity and gestational diabetes on pregnancy outcome.” Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 24(4), 573-589.

Gunta, S. S., & Mak, R. H. (2013). “Is obesity a risk factor for chronic kidney disease in children?” Pediatric Nephrology, 28(10), 1949-1956.

Wright, S. M., & Aronne, L. J. (2012). “Causes of obesity.” Abdominal imaging, 37(5), 730-732.