Sample English Essays on Are Cellphones Safe?

In recent years, the use of mobile phones has increased substantially. The cell phone industry has experienced exponential growth over the years. However, the growth has been paralleled by concerns regarding the health effects of using mobile phones and their magnitude. The concerns are based on the premises that cell phones produce electromagnetic fields, which are harmful to human beings (Schmidt 1). Many people who use the mobile phone devices wonder whether there are health risks as a result of the use of these devices.  Demonstrating that the cell phones adversely affects people’ health would cause a public health problem in the world. Research shows that the use of mobile phone devices is safe.

Mobile phone receives and sends text messages and voice via radio waves. These waves connect the device to base stations, which is a wireless network. When a person moves out of a particular base station’s range, he or she is automatically connected to the nearer base station having the strongest signals (Procon.org 1). The body tissues close to the device can absorb radiofrequency energy emitted by mobile phones. The extent of exposure to this form of electromagnetic radiation depends on various factors such as the phone’s technology, the distance between the user and the device, the extent and type of mobile which is being used, and the distance of the user from the mobile phone towers.

International Agency for Research on Cancer produced a report in 2011 classifying the radiation by mobile phones as possibly carcinogenic (Mukherjee 1). This means that there may be some risk hence requiring additional and detailed research into the heavy and long-term use of these devices. Radiation is defined as the combination of magnetic and electrical energy that travels at a very high speed through space. The level of radiation emitted by a mobile phone device depends on the things.

These things include how close an individual holds the device against his or her body, the duration taken by the individual when using the device, and how close the person is to the base station. Research has not yet established increased brain tumor risk as a result of using mobile phones (Mukherjee 1). However, the increasing use of these devices, as well as the lack of information about the risk, posed to people who have used the devices for around 15 years or more warrants further research on the link between the use of mobile phones and brain cancer among other health hazards.

This issue is crucial due to the number of people in different parts of the world that use mobile phones on a regular basis. The use of mobile phones is so widespread such that if there are health effects due to the use of these devices every person in the world will be affected directly or indirectly. Any associated health risk despite their significance can cause public health problems (Ostrom et al. 625). It is also essential for individual users to be educated about the possible effects of using the mobile phone devices and be provided the chance and the choice of making their decisions in light of appropriate and reliable evidence.

According to research, the radiofrequency radiation emanating from a mobile phone gadget held against one’s ear will heat the persons face near the phone and to a lesser extent the person’s brain by a single fraction of a degree (Leszczynski and Zhengping 1). The heating caused by the device is less than that caused by, for instance, exercise. High levels of the radiation, however, overheat body tissue and thus cause damage. The exposure limit of the radiation emanating from mobile phone devices is set at a level, which is far below that level where meaning heating occurs.

The discussion about the effects of the use of mobile phones on a person’s health is controversial due to the lack of clear evidence that this is not the case. People claiming that the use of mobile phone devices is safe often reference statements, which have been made by different bodies and point to different peer-reviewed studies in different parts of the world which points out that there is no association between the use of the gadgets and increased risk of health problems such as brain tumor. On the other hand, people who claim that they are not safe site peer-reviewed studies and research showing that there exists an association between the usage of cell phones and decreased fertility, brain tumor, and DNA damage.

The studies undertaken have provided evidence showing that people are not exposed to health problems as a result of using mobile phones. However, they call for further research since they have been unable to eliminate all the possibilities hence making the issue controversial. For instance, a recent study conducted using rats showed that exposure to radiofrequency had biological effects in the rats used and some of these effects were relevant to carcinogenesis (Naeem 1). However, this study was not conclusive since those involved in the study, as well as professors and scientists who reviewed the results, warned that the jury is still out regarding the concerns whether wireless technology has similar effects on people.

This shows that like previous studies, it did not provide conclusive evidence to either support or dispel the assertion that mobile phones pose a risk to users. Different experts in different fields such as health and information technology have differed regarding this issue, but all seem to agree that unless additional research is undertaken to provide a reliable conclusion, nothing has come up to suggest that wireless technology cause adverse health effects on the human population.

Almost all the big scientific studies undertaken have concluded that mobile phones do not pose a significant health risk to the users. In their report, Cancer Research U.K, states that there is no strong evidence to suggest that mobile phone increases the risk of being diagnosed with cancer (Chapman et al. 201). This assertion is supported by the World Health Organization, which says that to date it has not established any information to show that cell phones are dangerous to use, and causes health problems to the users. However, the international body also places a disclaimer by stating that one cannot rule out an association between mobile phone use and health problems. The report also states that brain cancer incidences have not increased despite the fact that the usage of cell phones has risen significantly within the last ten years.

The report also pointed out the lack of convincing biological explanation regarding how the radiation emanating from mobile phones can cause cancer. The World Health Organization report has been supported by other scientific studies, which conclude that radiation emanating from mobile phones usage does not have the capability of damaging DNA directly. The Stewart report published by an independent expert group based in the United Kingdom agrees that conclusive evidence regarding the assertion that mobile phone devices may harm the users (Chapman et al. 201). According to the report, no evidence has been found to show that exposure to signals can harm the user.

Several recent studies have involved a significant number of participants in trying to provide evidence concerning this important issue. The International Agency for Research on Cancer coordinated a case-control study in which 13 different countries were used to gather information on mobile use and undertake relevant tests. Results from four of the thirteen countries, which participated in the program, suggested the mobile phone devices did not have any connection to glioma and meningioma, two types of brain tumor that people suspected that they might be connected to the use of cell phones (Fowler and Noyes n.p).

Research has also provided those who are still concerned about the issue with ways in which they can reduce radiation exposure. One should make short calls only and avoid using the device more than necessary. Children are encouraged to use mobile phone devices for essential purposes and ensure that they keep calls short. The rate of adoption of technology in recent times indicates that the uptake of wireless technology will continue to increase especially in developing countries. This means that the concerns regarding cell phones will increase and more people will become more aware of this issue. Majority of the people feel that there is no cause for concern and people should take advantage of the technology to improve their lives and communicate with others.

The debate on whether the use of phones causes cancer has been a huge issue for an extended period. An expert panel summarized the evidence concerning mobile phones by stating that little theoretical basis exists to anticipate that radiofrequency energy or energy emanating from the cell phones has significant effects at the levels of power used by base station antennas as well as cell phone devices (Hardell et al. 617). They further stated that the evidence presented by different people concerning an association between radiofrequency energy and cancer especially the brain cancer is limited and weak. Animal studies, which have been undertaken for some years, have also not provided any consistent evidence to prove that exposure to radiation from the mobile phones promotes or causes cancer.

In conclusion, the information presented by different international bodies shows that mobile phones are safe to use. These international bodies have been involved in the discussion on whether mobile phone use poses any health problems. Bodies like the World Health Organization, the International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection have provided reports assuring users that mobile phone devices do not expose them to risk and they are protected by the present safety limits. However, based on the current evidence one can conclude that the issue is not yet resolved. Most of the studies do not take into account the length of a call or the duration that a particular individual has used a mobile phone. Considering such factors will ensure that the research undertaken will provide conclusive findings to reduce the growing concerns about the effects of mobile phones on the health of the users.

 

 

Works Cited

Chapman, Simon, et al. “Has the Incidence of Brain Cancer Risen in Australia Since the Introduction of Mobile Phones 29 Years Ago?” Cancer epidemiology 42 (2016): 199-205.

Fowler, J., and J. Noyes. “Are There Health Risks For Teenagers Using Mobile Phones? A Study of Phone Use amongst 14– 18-Year-Olds.” Occupational Safety and Hygiene V: Selected papers from the International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SHO 2017), April 10-11, 2017, Guimarães, Portugal. CRC Press, 2017.

Hardell, Lennart, et al. “Mobile Phones and Cancer: Next Steps.” Epidemiology 25.4 (2014): 617-618.

Hardell, Lennart. “Effects of Mobile Phones on Children’s and Adolescents’ Health: A Commentary.” Child Development 89.1 (2018): 137-140.

Leszczynski, Dariusz, and ZhengpingXu. “Mobile Phone Radiation Health Risk Controversy: The Reliability and Sufficiency of Science behind the Safety Standards.” Health Research Policy and Systems, vol 8, no. 1, 2010. Springer Nature, doi:10.1186/1478-4505-8-2. Accessed 3 Apr 2018.

Mukherjee, Siddhartha. “Do Cellphones Cause Brain Cancer?”. Nytimes.Com, 2011, https://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/17/magazine/mag-17cellphones-t.html. Accessed 3 Apr 2018.

Naeem, Zahid. “Health Risks Associated With Mobile Phones Use.” International journal of health sciences 8.4 (2014).

Ostrom, Quinn T., et al. “Response to “The Epidemiology Of Glioma In Adults: A ‘State Of The Science’ Review.” Neuro-Oncology 17.4 (2015): 624-626.

Procon.org. “Is Cell Phone Radiation Safe?”. Cellphones.Procon.Org, 2018, https://cellphones.procon.org. Accessed 3 Apr 2018.

Schmidt, Charles. “New Studies Link Cell Phone Radiation with Cancer.” Scientific American, 2018, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/new-studies-link-cell-phone-radiation-with-cancer/. Accessed 3 Apr 2018.