Types of Social Control
Social control exists in different forms including informal, formal, and positive social control. The three types of social control share a common objective that is to bring about conformity, solidarity, and continuity in a particular group or society. However, they differ in the manner in which each is implemented in a particular group or society. Formal social control is exercised by known and deliberate social control agencies such as the constitution, and law. Informal social control is implemented through unwritten rules and regulation characterized by an informal authority such as public opinion and criticism (Lee, Tajima, Herrenkohl, & Hong, 2017). Positive social control is implemented by giving rewards to keep a particular group or society in control.
Formal social control is produced and enforced by the government and its agencies. In many cases, the government uses the police to enforce the laws by making arrests whenever individuals or groups of people engage in unlawful activities (Lee, Tajima, Herrenkohl & Hong, 2017). These individuals may get arraigned in court, and ordered to pay fines or face harsher charges. Informal social control is enforced by families, peers, and other authority figures such as coaches through rewards and sanctions. In most cases, the rewards may include promotion at work while sanctions may include an individual being fired from work. Moreover, positive social control is enforced by families and other authority figures such as teachers. In this type of social control, positive steps are used to control an individuals’ behavior such as giving out rewards
Types of Sanctions
To establish and maintain social control in a school setting, I would use formal sanctions to hold accountable students’ who go against the school rules. Moreover, informal sanctions would best apply when an individual goes against his or her culture’s norms. As such, the individual may be discriminated against or excluded from a particular group or society.
Lee, J. S., Tajima, E. A., Herrenkohl, T. I., & Hong, S. (2017). Effects of Formal and Informal Deviant Labels in Adolescence on Crime in Adulthood. Social Work Research, 41(2), 97-110. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/swr/article-abstract/41/2/97/3111593?redirectedFrom=PDF