Drug courts in the US should provide options for traditional incarceration. This could be done by offering a system that stresses substance abuse treatment and constant administration for non-violent drug abusers charged with drug possession. The high level of proof indicating the perfect incorporation of strategies can alter the sequences of arrest, imprisonment, release, as well as re-arrest (Njagarah & Nyabadza, 2013).
Drug courts should seek to rehabilitate and prevent repeat crimes (Njagarah & Nyabadza, 2013). There exist two kinds of corrections in societies. They include nonresidential and residential plans, which encompass plans structured to offer formations, guidance, and control while offering drug treatment, in addition to other support. Drug addiction could bring about criminal conduct since substance abuse is frequently linked to killing, rape, theft, aggravated attack, fire-raising, and automobile crime. In this regard, it is no doubt that substance abuse and criminality are directly associated.
Police, the courts, and corrections are seeking an inventive manner of improving public health and safety whilst decreasing the charges of criminal justice (Peters, Kremling, Bekman, & Caudy, 2012). The Administration’s National Drug Control Strategy (ANDCS) affirms that addiction is an illness and that the criminal justice system should work towards decreasing the charges and effects of crime associated with drug-engaged wrongdoers.
Rehabilitation, as an alternative to incarceration, assists police, the courts, corrections, and other stakeholders in saving public funds and improving public health by maintaining low-threat, non-violent, drug abuse out of detention, while still declaring them responsible and guaranteeing public safety in societies (Peters et al., 2012). To sum it up, the imprisonment of an individual devoid of trying alcohol and substance abuse treatment, with no particular programs for treatment and recovery backing upon discharge is not just unsuccessful, but also costly; it is time for a change to rehabilitation.
Njagarah, H. J. B., & Nyabadza, F. (2013). Modeling the impact of rehabilitation, amelioration, and relapse on the prevalence of drug epidemics. Journal of Biological Systems, 21(1), 1-23.
Peters, R. H., Kremling, J., Bekman, N. M., & Caudy, M. S. (2012). Co‐Occurring Disorders in Treatment‐Based Courts: Results of a National Survey. Behavioral sciences & the law, 30(6), 800-820.