Sample Criminal Justice Paper on Criminal Law

Criminal Law

Criminal law is a body of rules and statutes that have been established by state authorities to express the norms, goals, and values held by the majority of the society (Siegel 43). In criminal justice, criminal law is applied to enhance public safety and welfare, as it establishes the punishment to be imposed on those committing prohibited acts. The backlog of criminal cases can be improved through speeding up court cases. This can be achieved through the appointment of judges that are more competent, experienced and honest, and further establishing an independent oversight body that monitors court activities (Sarkar para 3).

The first standard of proof in criminal cases is for the prosecution to prove “beyond reasonable doubt”, for the court to pass a guilty verdict. Secondly, the court should be satisfied that a balance of probabilities has been employed to prove the defendant’s case. In adversarial system, the burden of standard of proof depends on the balance of opportunities by both opponents. The exclusion of standard of proof in adversarial cases may result in the conviction of innocent individuals and the freeing of the guilty ones.   

The term criminal liability refers to the condition where an individual is or will possibly be subjected to a legal obligation. It determines the evidence permitted in a trial to prove criminal liability. It is meant to provide an objective proof that the accused is guilty. It works because it ensures justice is provided to all equitably.

Accomplice liability concept implies that an accomplice will be subjected to similar guilt and punishment as the crime’s perpetrator. It punishes those individuals that failed to stop or report a criminal offense that they were aware of or witnessed, thus encourages law enforcement even by citizens. Rather than treating an accomplice the same way as the perpetrator, the criminal procedure for accomplice liability should consider the factors influenced their decisions, for instance, threats from the perpetrator.

Inchoate offences are those in which crime perpetrators are engaged in preparations to commit more crimes. Most inchoate offenses are presently treated with the same seriousness as other criminal offenses. While conspiracy refers to the agreement between parties to commit a crime, attempt involves the taking of actual steps to commit a crime, but the individual is stopped before completing the attempt (Burkoff and Weaver 112). The criteria for differentiating the two crimes include the physical proximity essential to have completed the crime, and convincing evidence from a witness.  

Works cited

Burkoff, John M, and Russell L. Weaver. Inside Criminal Law: What Matters and Why. Austin: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2008. Print.

Sarkar, Ashutosh. “Backlog of Cases.” The daily Star,18 Mar. 2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2014. <http://archive.thedailystar.net/beta2/news/backlog-of-cases/ >. 

Siegel, Larry J. Introduction to Criminal Justice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.