Sample Business Studies Paper on The US-CERT


The US-CERT is a national agency in the United States that advocates for safer and stronger use of the internet among the citizens of the country by responding to important incidences and analyzing available threats through exchanging essential cyber security information with other trusted partners around the globe (US-CERT, 2018).  Additionally, the organization develops actionable and timely data that can be used by other federal departments in different levels of the government including the local, federal and territorial administration. Other vital functions of the entity include responding to cyber threat incidents and analyzing information that is deemed essential in fighting insecurity in the United States (US-CERT, 2018).  Similarly, CERT works closely with other international organizations and governments to enhance cyber security and to reduce unwarranted use of the internet to cause security threats.


The foundation process of CERT begun in 2000 after the US government experienced the development of numerous cyber breaches that raised an alarm of the level of security of the government database (US-CERT, 2018). To limit these risks, the Congress established the Federal Computer Incident Response Center (FedCIRC) as the main organization that world is tasked with information sharing to other agencies of the state. After the homeland security, the FedCIRC was renamed US-CERT and its new mission was to provision of boundary protection for the country and cyber security leadership (US-CERT, 2018). With the increase in the level and types of threats that faced the united states over the years, its responsibilities broadened to include other providing information to international organizations such as the private industry,  international firms, and the SLTT governments.

The Headquarter of CERT is in Washington DC where it coordinates all the activities happening around the United States and partners with other relevant organizations including international entities, US federal agencies, the research community and private sector enterprises. The agency has over the years dealt with different threats including the crush override malware, the hidden cobra, and Petya ransomware.

The hidden cobra alert was a joint collaboration between CERT and the FBI that identified a Trojan malware variant that was primarily used by the Korean government (US-CERT, 2018). The software was posted in November 2017 and was designed to help in accessing a compromised system and was used to target different areas of the United States including financial, government, media, and the automotive industries

Figure 1

On February 2018 the justice department inducted 9 Iranian nationals that ware associated with different computer offenses in the country. This resulted to alert named the brute force attacks conducted by cyber actors that aimed at affecting networked systems.  Additionally, the actors tried to gain unauthorized access by guessing passwords. Since most of the computers lock after around three failed attempts, these criminals ensure they do not continuously engage in the activity, therefore, remaining undetected.

Figure 2

Another recent alert by the US-CERT is the Russian government cyber activity targeting energy and other infrastructure sectors. This joint technical alert involved different divisions such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation and The Department of Homeland Security (US-CERT, 2018). Apart from targeting some of the essential elements in the government the threat also affected other sectors including nuclear, water aviation, manufacturing, and commercial facilities. This information also provides other downloadable attachments that can help any user of the information to understand the scope and effects of the risk.

Figure 3


The establishment of the US-CERT has transformed and centralized the fight against cybercrime in the united states. Moreover, it has enabled the government to monitor its digital system and detect any malicious activities from other international institutions and governments.



US-CERT. (2018). About Us | Retrieved 31 March 2018, from

US-CERT. (2018). Alerts | Retrieved 31 March 2018, from