Sample Business Paper on Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

Taxation Ruling TR 2019/1

ATO TR 2019/1 began replacing the previous TR 2017 / D7 project, with the Commissioner’s conclusion that the company is trading businesses to achieve a lower corporate tax rate of 27.5 in 2015-16, and 17 years of income and determining the percentage of referrals that are paid to dividends paid to shareholders.

The decision comes after the adoption of the 2017 Law on Amendments to Treasury Law (the basis for business tax base entities), which means the term ‘base rate entities’ that the company must replace. as of July 1, 2017 to bring the minimum tax rate for corporations to 27.5%

Therefore, the key criteria for doing business are: if a person wants to do business; the nature of the activities, especially if they have a profitable purpose; if these activities are duplicate and systematically run commercially, including book storage, record keeping and system use; the size and scope of the company’s activities, including the amount of capital used and whether this activity is better described as a leisure or leisure activity.


Division 30 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

Tax is deductible if the value of gift is $2 or more, as stated in division 30. A gift is defined as a gift of money, property, an item of trading stock or it can be a gift of disposal of business, shares acquired in a listed company, any property valued by Commissioner $5000 or more, market value of shares, any shares acquired before 12 months of making it a gift are under the amble of taxation. The tax is deducted on the average of GST inclusive market values.

Top Tax rate on resident taxpayer

In the financial year 2018/2019 the tax rate applicable on taxable income as indicated in the schedule is $ 180001 and over the applicable rate will be 34.8 and would be less than 45%.

And the minimal tax rate applicable is on the taxable income of 9.65% over $18201. It is 19c of every $1 over $18200.

A car or motorcycle exempt from capital gains tax

Capital gains tax applies to real estate, shares, units and similar investments, cryptocurrency, leases, goodwill, licenses, foreign currency, contractual rights, and major capital improvements made to land or pre-CGT assets collectables and personal use assets above a certain value (there are restrictions on using any capital losses from these items). Exemption of capital gains tax includes a car or motorcycle along other stated exemptions.



The CGT event C1 s104-20 tax

C1 occurs during CGT event if it has been lost or destroyed. This could happen, for example, if a building burns with fire on your land. Your capital gain for the CGT C1 event that takes place will take away any of your insurance benefits for loss or destruction. When you sell or transfer an asset, it is called an Income Tax Event (CGT). This is the point at which you will gain or lose. There are other CGT events, such as when a managed fund or other trust fund distributes interest on capital.

The current tax-free threshold for a resident individual

If you are a resident of Australia for tax purposes, the first $ 18,200 of your annual income is not taxed. This is called the duty free threshold.

The significance of the High Court case, Hayes v FCT (1956) 96 CLR 47 with reference to assessable income

This is an appeal of the decision of the Financial Review Board. In the year ending June 30, 1951, the taxpayer was paid a George William Richardson. In cases that need to be investigated, 12,000 5s shares were fully paid. each at Richardson Meat Industries Ltd. The Commissioner included the par value of these shares (£ 3,000) in the same year’s taxable profit. Most of the Board of Directors considered that the correct amount was entered correctly and that the taxpayer would go to court.

In 1939 Hayes, an accountant, lived in Melbourne. Richardson then marketed meat and small products in Hobart under the name “Richardson’s Choice Richardson”. His business was expanding and he wanted more qualified accounting services and expertise in special expenses. He went to Melbourne, where he met Hayes, who, at his invitation, approached Hobart and began work. His exact position was unclear, but he appears to have been some kind of accountant and financial advisor in business.

In 1944, at the recommendation of Hayes, a privately held company, Richardson’s Choice Providence Pty. Ltd was created to set up a business. The company had a £ 17,000 divisions, about three-fifths of which was owned by people other than Richardson, and was therefore more inclined to do business. Hayes was assigned to the company 2,500 or 3,000 shares of £ 1 in the company. He says Richardson gave him £ 500 to allow him to pay for these actions. He became the company’s director and secretary and retained the right to private practice, which appears to have existed since 1942.

The difference between Ordinary income and Statutory income

The tax is paid on the income of the taxable person. Taxable income is the difference between a person’s taxable income and his contribution. Taxable income consists of amounts representing ordinary income and legal income (i.e. funds included in the Income Tax Law).

The difference between Medicare levy and Medicare levy surcharge

Almost all pay taxes, as they pay 2% of their income as part of their income tax. In contrast, the Medicare levy surcharge of 1-1.5% is paid only by people who earn more than $ 90,000 as individuals or over $ 180,000 as a spouse.

Question no.2

The difference between ‘permanent place of abode’ and ‘usual place of abode’ with reference to the residency requirements stated in s6(1) ITAA36

Tutorial Problems – Topic 2 (Quesons and Answers)

Question 4.1

What is the income tax payable for an Australian resident individual with taxable income for

the 2017-18 income tax year of $120,000?


Using  the  2017-18   income  tax   rates   table  for  Australian   resident individuals, tax

would be determined as follows:


$19,822 plus 37c for each $1 over $87,000


$19,822 + ($33,000 x 0.37) = $32,032

The Court stated that, in its context, the term “permanent residence” shall not be “eternal” or “eternal”. It links a more enduring relationship with a particular place of residence than a person who usually lives or has a normal place of residence. In general, the determination of whether a person is a resident of Australia is subject to the facts and circumstances of that person, based on the simple and legal tests described below. For example, a person who spends more than half of his or her fiscal year in Australia is likely to be an Australian tax resident in these trials.

The purpose of this Decree is to provide guidance for identifying persons who temporarily leave Australia for work, such as temporary employment abroad or vacations abroad, for the purpose of Australian residents. personal income tax while staying abroad. This preface introduces several issues related to the content of this Regulation with relevant headings.

This decision applies only to residency for Australian income tax laws. However, the fact that a person is a resident of Australia for income tax purposes does not mean that person is not a resident for the purpose of taxation of that resident in another country. Several double taxation agreements, in which Australia is a party, are likely to hold two individuals, in other words, a person may have a double residence. These agreements provide rules for determining the country in which one person is a resident. Therefore, if a person is considered a resident in Australia and a resident of another country, then double taxation specific conditions must be taken into account to determine the person’s residence status. Double residents, for the purposes of the relevant double taxation agreement as an exclusive resident of another country, remain a resident of Australia for the income tax return (see paragraph 5 of the Financial Regulations 2607).

When determining the place of residence of a person in order to identify a “resident” in subparagraph 6 (1), one must take into account the person’s intention of the country in which he or she must designate their home. Therefore, a person with an Australian residence but living outside of Australia will keep that address if he or she wants to return to Australia in specific and anticipated circumstances, for example, at the end of his employment. On the other hand, if that person implies uncertainty about returning to Australia, such as wealth (a modern example could win in a football pool) or a sense of death in the land of their ancestors, this is what the Spirit requires of law, to be selected in a foreign country to qualify for the position. Reference of 675 by Scarman J at p. 684-685 and Buswell v. I.R.C (1974) 2 All E.R.520 at p. 526 no. The term “residence” refers to a person’s residence, where he lives with his family and sleeps at night (R v. Hammond (1852) 117 ER 1477 at p. 1488; Leveny v. IRC (1928) AC217 and IRC) v. Lysaght (1928) AC234). In fact, a person’s “place of residence” is the place of residence or the environment in which the individual lives.

The Federal Court dismissed the commissioner’s argument that permanent residency outside Australia was intended to reside outside Australia without the intention of living in Australia in the near future, although it is a bit distant, although it takes a long time. The Court said that the term “permanent” should be interpreted in the context that appeared. The Court stated that the term “permanent residence”, in its context, should not be “eternal”. This means less than a permanent place where a person wants to live the rest of his or her life. Must be compared with temporary or temporary residence outside Australia. It has a more permanent relationship with a particular place of residence than a person who normally lives or has a normal place of residence. The intention to return to Australia in the near future will not prevent the taxpayer from establishing a “permanent residence” elsewhere. The federal court also found that the taxpayer’s intention to stay abroad was merely a factor to consider. The nature and quality of use made by the taxpayer in a particular place of residence abroad is of greater importance.


Question no. 3


The individual can claim self-educational expenses as a deductible allowance while computing taxable income only if that particular education, certification, diploma or degree is beneficial to your current employment. Since a trainee accountant can avail this deductible allowance as the study of accountancy directly relates to his/her work.

  1. travel- work to university

A travel allowance is assessable income to employees. If the travel allowance you pay your employees is more than the ATO rate, you’ll have to withhold the tax on the difference. You’ll also need to include the total amount of the allowance on your employee’s payment summary in the allowance box, with an explanation.

  1. Books

The amount spent was work-related expenses. If it is a job and personal use (e.g. Internet at home), you may only need a fraction of the cost. It can be claimed as deducible allowance from taxable income if it directly benefits the current employer.

  1. Childcare during her evening classes

Employees do not pay income tax on the income they have sacrificed, so they receive what amount of tax deduction they receive in each payment package. Therefore, the intention was to encourage employers to participate in addressing the needs of their employees.

  1. Repair to her fridge at home

Personal expenses are not deductible allowance in the taxable income. Repair and maintained are deductible on business assets only.

  1. Black trousers and shirt required to be worn at the office

No, it is included in a personal expense of employee. There are some employers who pay for uniforms, and accessories but it entirely depends on organizations policy.

  1. Legal expenses incurred in writing up a new employment contract with a new employer

If the legal action is greater than a claim for income, such as wages, and involves a breach of employment contract, legal costs should not be deducted because they are capital. No discounts are allowed under Section 8-1 ITAA 1997 for legal costs.

Question no.4

  1. CGT on lease

From the proceeds of lease, we deduct allowable base cost. Lease of property is basically the right of use of property. A lease is a contract from which one party (lessee) transfers to another party (lessee) for the use and disposal of land and buildings for a specified period, usually for a specific lease. This is different from the licensee, which differs the use of the property to the person (s), but is terminated at the discretion of the property owner. Leases usually last many years, while licenses are shorter (up to two years). An important point in determining the tax treatment of a rental operation is to determine if there is a lease assignment or a lease transfer.

  1. Capital Gains Tax on shares

The Australian tax office has useful information that will help you calculate your income. The return on capital is added to your income in the year you sell the investment and is taxed at its minimum rate. Thus, if your maximum tax rate is 37%, your capital gains tax will only be charged at 18.5%.

Calculation of Capital Gain/loss
S.P 10000*0.67 6700
Cost 10000*0.55 5500
Gain   1200
S.P 12000*1.18 14160
Cost 12000*1.67 20040
Net loss   5880


  1. Implications of CGT

Under current income tax provisions, when a person converts capital into a business asset, the fair market value of the capital asset at the date of such a price conversion is taken to calculate profit. capital in this conversion. Since the market value at the time of converting garage for business purposes was $400000 and that shall be treated as actual cost, implying the depreciation and calculating book value the capital gain is determined approx. $700000-$400000 would be $300000 after deducting appropriate accumulated depreciation.

The difference between cost base and reduced cost base

Cost Basis The cost of Income Taxes (CGT) assets are generally the cost of assets when they are acquired and the total costs associated with the acquisition, possession and disposal of assets. There are some CGT cases where cost base and reduced base are not real. The value-added tax benefit (CGT) is usually the cost of an asset when it comes to buying and collecting other expenses related to the acquisition, ownership and disposal of assets.

There are some CGT cases where cost base and reduced base are not real. For example, if you enter into a contract that does not work for any industry for a specified period, the CGT D1 case shows that you are calculating your profit or loss by comparing capital gains with random costs, which is just an element of the cost base. In addition, the depreciated asset base is not relevant to calculate the capital gains on this asset.

Question no.5

  1. Income earned from illegal means (e.g. drug-dealing, insider trading or theft) assessable income

This document examines the existing shortcomings in taxation of illegal activities in New Zealand and Australia and the impact of proposed legislative reform on the use of building trust in the taxation sector. Establish the evidence that the courts have appealed to determine if illegal activities are taxed. The document shows that while some criminal activities are taxable, some are not. It is also then reviews the costs, including the penalties received by the courts as a result of criminal actions. The Court and the Commissioner of Taxes relied on a number of arguments to exclude costs that would otherwise correspond to the general legal facts of the deduction. In the absence of clear legal prohibitions, the document seeks to establish guidelines on what expenses should be deducted. The author hopes that this will be a guide in the event of further conflict in the area.

  1. Assessable Income of Resident Taxpayer

$ 500 bank interest, if one has not issued a TFN to your bank or if you are not a resident of Australia, the bank should keep your interest rate and send it directly to the ATO. This withheld tax is calculated at a 45% minimum tax rate and 1.5% plus the Medicare tax.

$10000 won on Crown Casino Gambling, any money you make through gambling, the IRS will be considered taxable income. Thus, the fair value of any item that wins. Gambling is not just about card games and casinos; These include victories from tournaments, game shows, raffles and even legions. Some gambling revenues have special rules and strict record requirements. However, you can deduct game damage. Gambling losses are not deductible under the taxable income and no deductible allowances allotted for that, the flat rate on gambling tax is 30%.

Rent $2000 earned from a broader sharing of house, according to the Australian Tax Office (ATO), the rental money you receive for renting part or all of your property is considered taxable income. This means that you are taxing your final tax rate and must be declared on your tax return.

The easiest and most accurate way to get your winnings and losses is to start your tax return. Based on your answers to a few questions, we will prepare the required tax return statements for your game tax return.

  1. Is allowance paid to employee is assessable income in Australia

Compensation or allowance is the amount paid to the employee for actual expenses already paid, and the employer may be subject to the FBT tax deduction. If the compensation is covered by the FBI, this amount is not for the taxable income officer and the employee cannot claim deductions from that.

  1. Calculate the Medicare payable

Medicare levy is different for senior citizens and pensioners, it also covers other factors such as number of dependents, and a spouse (married or de facto) on 30 June of the selected year. Or there shall be no exemption from Medicare tax as in the tax year 2018-2019. There shall be no eligibility to offset Medicare levy. Medicare Payable is 2% of the taxable income. On $20000 no Medicare levy is payable as it is not eligible and does not fall under the ambit of Medicare payable does not exceed the minimum range. On $24900 the estimated levy is $250.20 and on taxable income of $ 100000 the Medicare levy shall be $2000.

  1. Calculation Gross tax payable on taxable income
Taxable income Tax on this income
0 – $18,200 Nil
$18,201 – $37,000 19c for each $1 over $18,200
$37,001 – $90,000 $3,572 plus 32.5c for each $1 over $37,000
$90,001 – $180,000 $20,797 plus 37c for each $1 over $90,000
$180,001 and over $54,097 plus 45c for each $1 over $180,000


On the taxable income $25000 the simple tax payable according to slab rates is $ 1292. In these calculation it has been considered that these gross taxable incomes are of resident individuals for Tax year 2018-2019. The tax payable on $40000 is $4547 and on $95000 is $22647.




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