Sample Book Review on The Metamorphosis
Kafka’s fictional work, “The Metamorphosis” chronicles the story of a traveling salesman named Gregor Samsa who wakes up to discover himself distorted into a massive insect (Kafka 1). He chooses to ignore his transformation by going back to sleep, but he is disgusted by his body and begins to ponder his dull life. In keeping with his style of interweaving serious issues about life in his work, Kafta explores the theme of the absurdity of life. Gregor’s transformation bears supernatural significance given that it goes beyond the bounds of a natural occurrence. Additionally, the story does not clarify the rationale of Gregor’s transformation; for instance, whether or not it is punishment for his misconduct. In fact, Gregor appears to be a good person who takes on a job he detests in order to provide for his family. Consequently, it is not clear whether Gregor deserves this predicament. However, his situation gives the story an undertone of absurdity, suggesting that the universe is devoid of a governing system of justice and order.
Additionally, Kafka’s story explores the detachment between body and mind. As Gregor grows increasingly accustomed to his new form, his mind also begins to change, becoming more in line with his physical desires. However, despite acting, thinking and eating like an insect, Gregor does not entirely lose his humanity, which in turn prompts feelings of conflict (Kafka 36). Through this imagery, Kafka suggests that a person’s mental state is dictated to and often altered by their physical state. Furthermore, Kafta’s use of the motif of metamorphosis relates to the psychological transformation that humans often experience as they attempt to adapt to changes in their physical world. Although many find it hard to accept, change of any kind is often necessary in order for us to grow and learn. In the end, Kafta’s prose allows for a subjective interpretation regarding Gregor’s mystical transformation.
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. Delaware: Classix Press, 2009. Print.