Sample Article Review Paper on Bullying on Sociology

Article 1: Doubly Disadvantaged? Bullying Experiences among Disabled Children and Young People in England

This article concludes that disability is a socially construed phenomena and that the stigma and bullying that children with disability disorders contend with results from asymmetric relationships rather than personal attributes. It implies that that the disabled children are bullied because of their reduced social status and popularity within the community. In addition, the article claims that the disabled children are double disadvantaged because they are limited with regard to accessing socioeconomic opportunities as well as contend with increased risks of bullying.

The conclusion is supported by primary evidence. Foremost, evidence shows that the disabled children are deprived of socioeconomic opportunities. The deprivation explains why most of the disabled children tend to be overweight. Per The disability as well as obesity reduces their social interaction abilities (Chatzitheochari et al. 703). These children are at high risk of being bullied by their peers who have excellent communication and interaction abilities. Furthermore, evidence show that most disabled children have reduced cognitive abilities and frequently engage in arguments (Chatzitheochari et al. 703). The reduced cognitive abilities limit the capability of disable children to compete with normal peers thus subjecting them to instances of bullying.

The conclusion is persuasive and well-supported because the primary findings are gauged against previous studies. The primary evidence presented is largely consistent with previous studies. The conclusion starts by acknowledging previous longitudinal research affirming that bullying experiences from socioeconomic background and the social status of the disabled children within schools.

This article changes my perceptions about bullying disabled children. I have always known that disabled children are bullied because of their personal attributes. However, this article shows that the disabled children are bullied because of their reduced social status and interactions occasioned by reduced abilities to access socioeconomic opportunities and services.

This article is useful in the presentation because it sheds more light on the need to address the social inequalities in local communities and schools. Particularly, schools are the potential sites that promote social inequalities. There is need to focus attention on the socioeconomic inequalities within communities and schools as the prime step towards addressing bullying among disabled and young children.

Article 2: Bullying, Prejudice and Barbarism

This article concludes that for bullying to occur, an individual has to be surrounded by subjective conditions. The article claims that a child suffers from bullying in school because he or she is considered fragile and inferior. In this case, the subjective conditions leading to bullying is the inferiority and fragility of the child (Chaves and Rodrigues De Souza 1184). In like manner, the aggressor is forced to bully another child because of projected fears and anguish responsible for their inability to be recognized in school or local community. Further, the article concludes that bullying is a new form of barbarism existing today because the violent and cruel actions accompanying bullying behavior.

The viewpoints of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer in relation to education, emancipation and prejudice constitute the primary evidence that support the conclusions. The subjective conditions such as inferiority, fragility and projection of fear as well as anguish forms the basis of the conclusion. These conditions are consistent with the ideas of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer. In these conditions, Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer affirm that the subjects of bullying are perceived as despised individuals whose legitimate responsibility is to accept the persecutory actions delivered by aggressors.

The incorporation of Critical theory in the research makes the article more persuasive and is more supported by literature. Particularly, the second phase of the theory focusing on emancipation and barbarism is important in comprehending the true nature of bullying as argued by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer.

The article has changed my perception about bullying. In the past, bullying has been seen as a social problem resulting from inability to access varied socioeconomic opportunities and services. However, this article claims that bullying is a new form of barbarism not linked to any socioeconomic deprivation.

This article is important in the presentation because it suggests the need to equate barbarism to bullying. The article recommends the need to implement adaptive education that strongly discourages barbarism. Therefore, emphasizing against barbarism is akin to addressing bullying in schools.

 

Works Cited

Chaves, Denise and Rodrigues De Souza, Mauricio. “Bullying, Prejudice and Barbarism”. Creative Education, Vol. 7, 2016, Pages 1181-1188.

Chatzitheochari, Stella, Parsons, Samantha and Platt, Lucinda. “Doubly Disadvantaged? Bullying Experiences among Disabled Children and Young People in England”. Sociology, Vol. 50, No. 4, 2016, Pages 695-713.