Sample Art Paper on Illuminated Manuscript

Illuminated Manuscript

Before the discovery of the printing press in Europe, all paperwork was handwritten and adorned. The term manuscript originates from the Latin words manus and scriptus which means hand and to write respectively. Illuminated is also derived from the Latin phrase illuminare that means to light up. Illuminate means the luminosity that is formed by the radiant colors of the artworks, besides actual gold and silver. An illuminated manuscript entails a manuscript whereby the transcript is enhanced with adornment, for instance, initials, borders, and some artworks. Illuminations were in the form of adorned letters, borders, and exclusive figurative extracts, which are also referred to as miniatures

The creation of a manuscript was habitually distributed among four separate artisans, and these included the parchment maker, scribes, illuminators, and the bookbinder. Typically, each belonged to a guild with definite guidelines and canons. In the 12th century, most ornate and beautiful illuminations were dedicated to sacred works. Furthermore, most manuscripts were formed in monasteries. For instance, the scriptorium was responsible for the intellectual functions and the copying of manuscripts in monasteries. However, during the growth of universities in metropolises in the 12th and 13th centuries, transcribers and illuminators were progressively laymen who earned a living through providing good manuscripts to aristocrats, the new middle class, learners, and instructors of developing institutions of higher education. During the Renaissance, numerous imperative artists also worked on the illuminated manuscripts, for instance, Simon Bening and Antonio Pisano.

Essentially, books were significant in the Christian practice. The Book of Kells; St. Matthew gospel is among the universally acknowledged example of medieval illumination that was produced before AD1000. The gospel book was produced by monks who adopted the Insular style.

St. Mattew Ebbo gospel image

The appearance was used because it gave an artistic of decorative glut, interleaving animals, angels, word and image. Medieval tradition accredited the Book of Kells to St Columba. St Columbia oversaw a vision of the scriptures that he linked it to few people.  The prominent images from the Ebbo Gospels is the St. Mattew’s painting.  He is portrayed as a scribe, with a spine in one hand and an ink horn on the other writing a book outside.  On the upper right hand corner, there is a tiny angel that is representation of St Matthew observing over him as he works.  This a classic example of the shivering where the image is very active and seems to quiver off the page.  The colors were also new during that time.