Sample Art Essays on Venus of Berekhat Ram

Introduction

Venus of Berekhat Ram is one of the early Stone Age figurines discovered in the northern hills of Israel. Initially, the piece of art was believed to be a creation of soil erosion rather than a human composition. However, with the unearthing of another concomitant figurine, its original composition status was confirmed to be artificial. Additionally, microscopic examination by Alexander Marshack revealed that indeed the work was a human composition (Kaushik n.p). Stone Age art is the earliest depiction of art. The earliest known pieces of art were stone carvings probably because engraved marks carved on rocks can survive for many more years compared to paintings. In fact, prehistoric Venus figurines such as Venus of Berekhat Ram are about 800,000 years old since they are carved in stones of tuff and limestone.

Analysis of art as Venus Figurine

Venus of Berekhat Ram should be classified as a Venus figurine. Art analysis confirms that it is a lithic figure of art consisting of a tuff pebble made of basalt, and the marks available shows that the object has a head, body, and arms of a female human (Kaushik n.p).  According to archeologists, the object measure 35 mm long, 25 mm wide, and 21 mm thick and weighs 10.33 g (Kaushik n.p). Moreover, it exhibits more furrow like notches that portray a human body. For instance, there is a profound furrow that enfolds the narrower part of the object to depict head, and another two on the sides, which depict arms. Latest microscopic research supports the assertions that Venus of Berekhat Ram is the work of human intervention, ascertaining that the stone is a work of Stone Age art (Kaushik n.p). Further analysis indicates that its sister figurine, the Venus of Tan-Tan is morphologically so similar that it appears to have been sculpted by the same artist (Kaushik n.p). Additionally, evidence suggests that Venus of Berekhat Ram was composed during the Acheulean culture of the Lower Paleolithic period of the Old Stone Age and dates back to 230,000-700,000 BCE (Kaushik n.p). Venus of Berekhat Ram appears vague because of sandwiching between two layers of volcanic residue that interfered with some of its components. It is worth noting that Venus of Berekhat Ram represents the figure of a woman, to signify the position that women occupied during the prehistoric times. The furrows forming part of the art highlight a likely female human form.

The furrows engraved around the neck and the sides qualify it to be a Venus figurine. Studies reveal that the original stone had the shape of a female. The object was heightened by the composer, who engraved furrows around the neck and along its arms (Dons Maps n.p). Archeologists reveal that Venus figurines are known to be collections of prehistoric artistic forms mostly made during the Paleolithic Period (Dons Maps n.p). Furthermore, most of these artworks depict similar characteristics that include curvaceous bodies with large breasts, bottoms, abdomen, hips, and thighs, and usually tapered at the top and bottom (Visual Arts Cork n.p). Moreover, heads are repeatedly witnessed to be smaller and lack details, and in numerous cases, hands and feet are conspicuously missing. Moreover, other artworks represent pregnant women, while the rest may not show such signs.  Therefore, Venus of Berekhat Ram should be classified as a Venus figurine because it possesses nearly all the attributes associated with Venus figurine artworks.

Conclusion

It has been difficult to identify the object as a human body because of differing cognitive and cultural orientation. Nonetheless, Venus of Berekhat Ram resembles a female human figure, and therefore authoritatively classified as a Venus figurine. Archeologically, the artwork was composed by humans, probably Homo erectus using Acheulean tools. All in all, the piece of art is an epitome of archaeological records that effectively documented the behaviors of early humans that is partly replicated by modern beings.

 

 

 

Works cited

Dons Maps. The Berekhat Ram Venus. Dons Maps, n.d. Available at:

http://www.donsmaps.com/berekhatram.html. Retrieved March 28, 2018.

Kaushik. “Venus of Berekhat Ram: The World’s Oldest Piece of Art That Predates Humans.”

Amusing Planet, 2016. http://www.amusingplanet.com/2016/10/venus-of-berekhat-ram-worlds-oldest.html.

Visual Arts Cork. Venus of Berekhat Ram. Visual Arts Cork, n.d. Available at:

http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/prehistoric/venus-of-berekhat-ram.htm. Retrieved March 28, 2018.