Sample Annotated Bibliography Essay on West Indies/Caribbean

West Indies/Caribbean

Black, Clinton V., Pirates of the West Indies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989). This book is a brief history of the lives of ten Caribbean pirates with an aim of evaluating the piracy notion and the people that constituted the piracy.

 

Beckles, Hilary McD, ‘A “riotous unruly lot”: Irish Indentured Servants and Freemen in the English West Indies, 1644-1713’, The William Mary Quarterly, 47.4 (1990) 503-522. This article evaluates the social terms of servitude, servants’ resistance and protest to domination by English planters and the way such protests affected labor relations in West Indies.

 

Beckles, Hilary McD, ‘Plantation Production and White “Proto-Slavery”: White Indentured Servants and the Colonization of the English West Indies’, 1624-1645, The Americas, 41.3 (1985) 21-45. This article evaluates indentured servitude in West Indies and the way it provided English planters with the necessary experience, they required to enslave black slaves.

 

Canny, Nicholas P., Europeans On the Move: Studies On European Migration, 1500-1800 (Oxford [England] : New York: Clarendon Press, 1994). This book analyzes the migration patterns of the Europeans following the initial Columbus expedition to America. The book depicts Europeans as long-distance travelers in search of opportunities.

 

Craton, Michael, Testing and Chains: Resistance to Slavery in the British West Indies (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009). This book evaluates slave resistance in West Indies in three chronological three parts namely maroon resistance, African revolt and Creole revolt. Each group had specific objectives.

 

Craton, Michael, ‘Changing Patterns of Slave Families in the British West Indies’, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 10. 1 (1979) 1-35. With its focus on economic factors in West Indies during the slave trade, this article analysis the changing patterns of the slave families living in West Indies.

 

Froude, James Anthony, The English in the West Indies, or the Bow of Ulysses. 2ndedn .(London: Longmans, 1888). This book is an account of historical movements and events given by contemporaries and eyewitnesses concerning the political, military and social history of West Indies.

 

Hamshere, Cyril, The British in the Caribbean (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972). With its focus on the slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean, this book analyzes the historical aspect of the British colonizers in the Caribbean region.

 

Klein, Herbert S., African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986). Its focus being on the Spanish, Portuguese and French-speaking regions, this book gives a social and an economic history of the African-American slaves in the Caribbean and Latin America.

 

McDonald, Roderick A., ed., West Indies Account: Essays on the History of the British Caribbean and the Atlantic Economy in Honor of Richard Sheridan (Mona, Jamaica: The Press University of the West Indies, 1996). This book gives a historical analysis of the Atlantic economy including the British West Indian trade and British Caribbean from seventeenth century to nineteenth century.

 

Parry, J. H., Philip Sherlock, and Anthony Maingot, A Short History of the West Indies (London: Macmillan, 1989). This book is a historical description of dramatic changes in West Indies. It includes the British rule on the Caribbean island, Jamaica, Barbados and Guyana.

 

Schwartz, Stuart B., Tropical Babylons: Sugar and the Making of the Atlantic World, 1450-1680(Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004). The book traces the introduction of sugar into the Iberian Peninsula and the roles Portuguese and Spanish played in spreading it to the new world.

 

Sheridan, Richard B., Sugar and Slavery: An Economic History of the British West Indies, 1623-1775 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974). This book is an economic analysis of sugar and slavery in West Indies from the time British colonizers settled on the island until the start of American Revolution.

 

Williams, Eric Eustace, British Historians and the West Indies (London: Deutsch, 1966). Contrasting between the trusteeship rule of the British and the actual rule, this book demonstrates that British rule in West Indies depended on Anglo-Saxon’s supremacy.

 

Slavery

Curtin, Philip D, The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History. 2nd edn (Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge university Press, 1998). This book evaluates slave trade, its economic impacts and various revolutions in the Atlantic Ocean in the seventeenth century together with the aftermath of the slave trade.

 

Galenson, David W., ‘The Atlantic Slave and the Barbados Market, 1673-1723’, The Journal of Economic History, 42. 3 (1982) 419-511. This article uses statistical data collected from a royal company based in Barbados to investigate the slave prices and its economic implication on slave trade.

 

Gaspar, David Barry, Bondmen and Rebels: A Study of Master-Slave Relations in Antigua with, Implications for Colonial British America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985). As the title of the book suggests, this book evaluates the start of slave trade and the way black slaves finally rebelled against their masters.

 

Handler, Jersome S. and John T. Pohlmany, ‘ Slave Manumission and Freedom in Seventeenth Century Barbados, The William and Mary Quarterly, 41.3 (1984) 390-408. With its focus on eighty will, this article evaluates the manumission process of the manumitted slaves in Barbados for the period between 1650 and 1700.

 

Handler, Jersome S. and Robert S. Corruccini, ‘Plantation Slave Life in Barbados: A Physical Anthropological Analysis’, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 41. 1 (1983) 65-90. Through archeological means, this article evaluates the lives of the slaves in Barbados. The article establishes the various problems slaves encountered during the slavery period.

 

Levy, Claude, ‘ Slavery and the Emancipation Movement in Barbados 1650-1833’, The Journal of Negro History, 55. 1 (1970) 1-14. This article evaluates the emancipation movement of the British humanitarian groups and its consequences together with its final success through a parliamentary decree in 1833.

 

McDonald, Roderick A., The Economy and Material Culture of Slaves: Goods and Chattels On the Sugar Plantations of Jamaica and Louisiana (Baton Rouge ; London: Louisiana State University Press, 1993). With its focus on Louisiana and Jamaica, this book examines the extensive details of the materials and economies the slaves established amongst themselves during the slave trade.

 

Morgan, Kenneth, ‘White Servitude and Black Slavery in Barbados, 1627-1715 by Hilary McD. Beckles: In Miserable Slavery: Thomas Thistle wood in Jamaica, 1750-86 by Douglas Hall: The Plantation Slaves of Trinidad, 1783-1816: A Mathematical and Demographic Enquiry by A. Meredith John: The Sugar Can Industry: An Historical Geography from its Origins to 1914 by H. J. Galloway’ The English Historical Review, 106. 419 (1991) 401-404. This article is a review of the way four major historians in their articles approach black slavery and white servitude in the new world.

 

Oscar and Mary F. Handlin, ‘Origins of the Southern Labor System’, The William and Mary Quarterly, 7.2 (1950) 199-222. By highlighting the bitter years that preceded the American civil war; this article traces the origins of slavery in the southern part of the USA.

 

Pitman, Frank Wesley, ‘The Treatment of the British west Indian Slave in Law and Custom’, The Journal of Negro History, 11.4 (1926) 610-628. This article compares the way English planters treated their slaves in comparison to the French planters. It establishes that English planters were harsher than their counterparts were.

 

Shuler, Kristina A., ‘Nutritional Health of Enslaved Africans from Newton Plantation, Barbados: New Data’, The Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society, 1 (2005) 165-186. With its emphasis on archeology, this article is a critical analysis of the health conditions of the black slaves that lived in Barbados during the new plantations.

 

Steinberg, Robert J., The Invention of Free Labor: The Employment Relation in English and American Law and Culture, 1350-1850 (Chapel Hill: University of North Caroline, 1991). This book covers labor issues of the slaves between 1350 and 1850. It includes a critical analysis of the way English law dominated the ancient American colonies.

 

Tannenbaum, Frank, Slave and Citizen: The Negro in the America (New York: A. A. Knopf, 1946). With an emphasis on the sufferings of the black slaves, this book gives a comparative analysis of race relations and slave history in the USA.

 

Thornton, John, Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). With its focus on slave trade in the new world and Africa, this book evaluates Africa’s involvement in the Atlantic trade between fifteenth century and eighteenth century.

 

Tomlins, Christopher, Freedom Bound: Law, Labor, and Civic Identity in Colonizing America, 1580-1865 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). This book is an exploration and illumination of the paradox and changes that transpired in the USA once the British colonizers settled in the new world.

 

Walvin, James, England, Slaves, and Freedom, 1776-1838 (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986). Use Only Chapter two ‘Slave in England. This book and specifically chapter two of the book evaluates the manner in which the English planters declared the freedom of the slaves between 1776 and 1838.

 

Williams, Eric Eustace, Capitalism and Slavery (New York: Putnam’s Capricorn Books, 1966). This book evaluates the capital gains of the slave trade to the British planter and links that gain to capitalism thereby demonstrates British planters as capitalists.

 

White Indentured Servitude

Galenson, David W., ‘White Servitude and the Growth of Black Slavery in Colonial America’, The Journal of Economic History, 41. 1 (1981) 39-47. This article evaluates the transition period of the white servitude to black slavery, economic factors that accompanied the transition and the role of white servitude in the transition.

 

Galenson, David W., White Servitude in Colonial America: An Economic Analysis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981). Based on six sets of British legal registrations of more than twenty thousand indentured servants, this book conducts an economic analysis of white servitude in the USA.