Role of Neighborhood Physical and Social Environments in Adults’ Physical Activity

Numerous studies indicate that constant involvement in moderate physical exercise is sufficient for older individuals to attain a positive health result. Further, consistent engagement in activities such as leisure, transportation, or household operations help deter, delay, or substantially reduce the opportunities of being attacked by the chronic illness and the impacts associated with the disease (Mahmood et al 1180). Consequently, substantial evidence from various explorations proves that older persons that participate in physical workout have enhanced psychological well-being and improved health in different domains like cognitive and social functioning. Notably, the research by Mahmood et al explores the value of neighborhoods’ physical and social settings in older peoples’ physical activity found in two metropolitan areas of North America. The exploration involves the use of photovoice demonstration in which the sampled personnel are required to take images of environmental settings that impede their effective movement in relation to workout.

Theoretical Perspective Used

Importantly, the study bases its theory on longstanding relations among proximate families, associates, and neighbors that are considered important in providing consistent social support to an individual (Mahmood et al 1181). Conversely, people residing in regions characterized by extreme social deprivation suffer various psychological conditions like mental disorders and high chances of being attacked by chronic illness. Moreover, the research employs acquaintance and comfortability within the local regions as a form of theoretical perspective since the concept is believed to build independence and psychological sense of control among adults and improves mental health (Mahmood et al 1181). As stipulated in the study, neighborhoods distinctively impact mental fitness of inhabitants based on diverse socio-economic wellbeing and gender.

Empirical Findings

The study finds that safety and security are the most photographed in relation to physical protection and social insight of feeling secure. Additionally, the act of getting there and having comfort in movement is reported to have mutual enablers and barricades irrespective of allied city or neighborhoods (Mahmood et al 1190). Conversely, access to neighborhood services enhances physical exercise among different adult personnel since the process facilitates movement to groceries, post offices, and banks, hence, assist in constant workouts among older people. The findings are in relation to a study done by D’Alessandro et al 11, that contact with nature has a significant impact on a person’s health such as minimizing stress and other various illness like chronic conditions.

Natural escarpments and open areas in residential places similarly are critical towards encouraging communal activities through integrated norms and values (D’Alessandro et al 12). Moreover, the findings indicate that social segments linked with physical deeds like availability of leisure materials encourage consistent exercise among the adults. Notably, group-based events either as formal or informal among the senior personnel play an important role in enhancing social exchange. As such, the concept of adults moving from their homes and being engaged in physical activities helps to improve their mental health and prevent other illness like chronic attacks (Mahmood et al 1190).

Conclusion

Constant involvement in moderate physical exercise is sufficient for older individuals to attain a positive health result. Longstanding relations among proximate families, associates, and neighbors is regarded as an important aspect in enabling consistent social support to an individual, thus, improves one’s health conditions. The research finds that safety and security are the most photographed in relation to physical protection and social insight of feeling secure. However, access to neighborhood services enhance physical exercise among different adult personnel since the process facilitates movement, hence, assist in constant physical activity among older people.

 

 

Work Cited

D’Alessandro, Daniela, et al. “Green areas and public health: improving wellbeing and physical activity in the urban context.” Epidemiol Prev 39.5 (2015): 8-13. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e7c8/df5effffd42cfa570ee90f3763c384eeb88f.pdf

Mahmood, Atiya, et al. “A photo voice documentation of the role of neighborhood physical and social environments in older adults’ physical activity in two metropolitan areas in North America.” Social science & medicine 74.8 (2012): 1180-1192. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953612000858