Research Paper on Feminism


Feminism refers to political, cultural, and economic movements that aim to correct biases that lead to subordination of women as well as silencing their voices (Cott, 2007). This includes philosophies and theories that contain lists of virtues that are in the social structure of the society to give some power to women. Fighting for their interests and rights is in tandem with the lives of the developers of such philosophies. This issue is one of the components of the gender disparity issue that permeates in the current society (Cott, 2006). Women have always been considered inferior to men and given specific roles and duties to play while the men are given all the power, including the power to control women’s lives. This calls for women to rise and fight for their rights and they need not keep silent any more to avoid suppression by the society (Rose, 2003).

Nancy Cott defines feminism as the belief of the importance of gender equality in the society and disregarding the idea of gender hierarchy (Cott, 2004). She describes feminism as the sphere that separates sources of power for men and women though the sphere already allocates sources of power for women as home chores and children-rearing prisms. Feminism not only calls for suffrage of women but also reorders the society to give equal opportunities to men and women in occupations and roles (Hannam, 2007). During the 19th century, she records that the many movements and campaigns that were done to fight for the rights of women bore good results. This led to the acknowledgement of women’s sexuality and they attracted many reforms during the period (Tandon, 2008). These campaigns are still working to date and they equip women with knowledge and urge them not to keep silent in the areas they feel suppressed.


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Cott, N. F. (2006). The grounding of modern feminism. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Cott, N. F. (2007). The bonds of womanhood: “woman’s sphere” in New England, 1780-1835. New Haven: Yale University Press

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Hannam, J. (2007). Feminism. Harlow: Pearson Longman.

Hollows, J. (2000). Feminism, femininity, and popular culture. Manchester, U.K: Manchester University Press.

MacKinnon, C. A. (2007). Feminism unmodified: Discourses on life and law. Cambridge (Mass.) [etc.: Harvard University Press.

Rose, G. (2003). Feminism and geography: The limits of geographical knowledge. Minneapolis (Minn.: University of Minnesota Press.

Roth, B. (2003). Separate roads to feminism: Black, Chicana and white feminist movements in America’s second wave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tandon, N. (2008). Feminism: A paradigm shift. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors.