An Outline of the Bible Context
The bible is a holy book from where Christians derive morals and reflect on their lives based on its teachings. It is written chronologically starting with an explanation of the beginning of human existence onwards to the spread of mankind in the entire world. The New Interpreter’s Study Bible presents a commentary on the bible history and readings compiling them according to their mutual relationship. The Holy Scripture has been composed by human authors in the ancient Greek context, however; it contains a distinctive mode of presently (Micklesen 134). The literature employed in the entire book is quite different and it encompasses the historical- critical method.
Genesis is the first book in the bible that explains the beginning of life and the creation of the whole world. Petersen and Roberts identify that there are two creation stories in Genesis chapter one and two in the Bible (6). The first creation story found in Genesis chapter one, describes the earth as a dark and formless void that is suspended over primeval waters. On the contrary, the second version states that the world began as a dry desert that had no single source of water. The two versions contradict but Petersen and Roberts assert that the second version was recorded before the first theory of creation was recorded (9). In a critical thinking context, the two theories do not correlate because the first version describes the earth as a habitable environment that promised happiness to mankind. But the second version presents earth as a wilderness and it is evident that a desert has been associated with adverse effects. It is in this way that an individual accounts for a critical view for different stages in biblical revelation.
The second critical biblical approach lies in the figurative language employed in the bible. It tries very much to avoid a full description of a character; for example, Joseph is only defined as a handsome man and no further description is presented (Petersen and Roberts 45). Personal description is avoided and readers are left to figure out; for instance, a reader will decipher that Jacob is a cunning character because he is constantly seen deceiving his brother and Laban his brother-in-law. Similarly, the suspense is employed in the bible; for example, it singles out the history of Abraham and excludes other families. In addition, the Bible uses narrative exegesis to explain the events and occurrences recorded in it (Micklesen 124). This method is still used up to date and it helps the reader to distinguish between the persona, the author and other related characters. Narrative exegesis helps in facilitating the identification of the characters (Petersen and Roberts 47). Additionally, the Bible gives the reader an opportunity to evaluate and reflect his life according to its teachings. Evaluation is a method of literary analysis where the reader can comprehend and learn from the message being portrayed. On the hand, the Holy Scripture includes personal biographies where the authors are still the persona.
The history presented in the book of Genesis aligns with the critical analysis of literature reading. First of all, it involves narration, it employs figurative language and also it creates suspense (Petersen and Roberts 121). In addition, the bible has personal biographies that have individual people lives illustrated in it. Therefore, the bible utilizes stylistic methods and historical and critical writing methods.
Mickelsen, A B. Interpreting the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 1966. Print.
Petersen, David and Roberts, Beverly. The new interpreter’s bible one-volume commentary. (2010). Abingdon press. Web.