Public Administration Paper on Freeloading and Rationing

Freeloading and Rationing

Respective federal governments have come up with policies to foresee an effective utilization and distribution of the available resources. One of the policies is rationing, which can be defined as an artificial mechanism for controlling the effective allocation of the available scarce resources. In this process, the artificial control focuses on the distribution of the resources to benefit a large population. This is to ensure that unwanted losses and wastes are not incurred in the distribution process. On the other hand, freeloading is related to the availability of scarce resources benefiting those who do not pay for them resulting in the under provision and distribution of the resources to those who have paid for the services or goods (Chen, 2010).

There is a close correlation between the two concepts of freeloading and rationing and that of consequentialism. Consequentialism is the view or perception that the resulting consequences of utilization and distribution of the scarce resources are ultimately based on policies used. Its connection to freeloading and rationing is evident in the fact that the said policies are focused on the positive impact of benefiting a larger population with the available scarce resources. This is despite the fact that some few individuals pay for the scarce resources (Scheunemann & White, 2011).

For example, in India, rationing mechanism was established to control the consumption pattern in the agricultural sector. Famine conditions having surfaced in India led to the government regulating trade and supply of food. The government ensured that no food grain was to be transported or removed from one province or state to another and that the imported grains would be equally distributed to all the states and provinces. The equal distribution allowed the deficit states to accrue the benefits of the food grains enabling them to have minimal stocks. Also, the perspectives are experienced in the health sector. Physicians often ration the time a patient in critical condition spends in the ICU. This usually enables other critical conditioned patients to potentially benefit from the scarce hospital resources (Scheunemann & White, 2011).




Chen, C. C. (2010, November). A multi-level study of free-loading in dynamic groups: The importance of initial network topology. In Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems (INCOS), 2010 2nd International Conference on (pp. 16-23). IEEE. Received from

Scheunemann, L. P., & White, D. B. (2011). The ethics and reality of rationing in medicine. Chest140(6), 1625-1632. Retrieved from