Lifespan Development Quiz
Q1 Mothers talk more to girls while parents talk to girls on emotional issues than boys. The boys are supposed to suppress crying and teachers are disapproving of girls who are active. Psychoanalytic and social learning theories explain how the phenomenon of modeling and rewarding influence differences in the behavior of sexes.
Q2 Counselors need to recognize that girls’ antisocial behavior in late childhood is likely to include non-confrontational aggressive behavior such as social ostracism and spreading rumors and has been linked to later anxiety and depression.
Q3Counselors use Bronfen brenner’s bioecological theory when they recognize the primary importance of genes in influencing behavior.
Q4helping professionals have not yet reached a consensus on how long a ‘normal’grieving period should last.
Q5 processes and applications of genetic counseling include constructing a pedigree that illustrates the patterns of genetic inheritance in the families, helping clients anticipate the consequences of possible medical disorders and secure appropriate care and disputing clients’ irrational ideas about genetic testing. It does not entail helping clients manage the emotional consequences of genetic testing.
Q6William Perry’s theory on cognitive and moral development of college students holds that the college experience fosters cognitive development because students are confronted with a diversity of beliefs and values which they must accommodate.
Q7 According to Charles Cooley’s view of self-development, Becky will incorporate her teacher’s negative evaluations into her construction of her own sense of competence.
Q8 considering Piaget’s theory on cognitive development in early childhood, I would advise Mrs. Harmon not worry, but to Consider information on developmental stages as useful guidelines but explain that there is a range of normal development within each stage.
Q9 According to Selman’s stages of friendship, stage 4 requires an individual’s increasing ability to balance conflict and harmony.
Q10 According to Baumrinds theory of parenting styles, authoritative parenting is the one most likely to foster positive psychosocial development and school achievement in adolescents.
Q11 The quality of children’s attachments has been found to affect what children expect social interactions to be like.
Q12 The best intervention to solve the special problems that girls face at adolescence would be to conduct group counseling sessions for all female students as a preventive intervention for eating disorders and depression.
Q13 the question that contemporary developmentalists focus on is, “How do we explain the mechanisms by which nature and nurture interact to affect development?”
Q14 theory and research by Holland’s and Super’s strongly suggest that how well personality characteristics match the demands of a job is an important ingredient in job satisfaction.
Q15 The counselor’s advice to Sabrina’s mother should be: At her age, any consequence for misbehavior should be immediate, because Sabrina will have difficulty understanding the relationship between cause and effect when consequences are so delayed.
Q16Individuals who are “off-time” with regard to the social clock have not met their social goals (getting married, getting promoted, and having children) at time consistent with their expectations.
Q17In a study of American Indian families who moved out of poverty (the “ex-poor”), what were the effects (if any) on children’s behavior? -There was a significant decline in conduct disorder and oppositional defiant behavior over four years.
Q18Personal fable is the kind of adolescence egocentrism that Elkind would use to describe Darren’s view of the world.
Q19 According to Bowlby’s attachment theory, the purpose(s) that attachment systems have evolved to serve for both the younger and older infants is the assurance of survival and security.
Q20the reason that Piaget might give for failure of Ms. Hernandez’s method is that Peter, at 4, still has difficulty understanding that monsters are not real because he sees monsters on TV.