Position paper for the Model United Nations
The main issues before the models of United Nations include: the views of El Salvador on weapons of mass destruction and what has been done to try and preventit and the relationship between disbarment and development, as well as how the country is trying to avoid an arms race in the outer space.
Measures to Prevent Terrorists from Acquiring Weapons of Mass Destruction
Between 1991 and 1997, El Salvador was involved in a civil war that left 70,000 families and friends crying. There was high inequity in terms of socio economic aspects and a wide gap between the wealthy and the underprivileged that led to denial of freedom and village massacres. A group of rebels known as the Farabundo Marti National Front were the architects of the resistance. Furthermore, the brutal assassination of Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was a chief activist of human rights, triggered further human rights violation, resulting in social mayhem and political aggression.
The Government El Salvador was very aware of the attainment of armaments of obliteration,and the hazard it created for individuals. It thus formed procedures that would prevent acquirement of such arms and these include: Decision to stop offering any type of sustenance or support to non-States that try to build up, obtain, produce, acquire, transfer, or exploit nuclear-activated, chemically or biologically madearmaments and through means of release; Formulating clear provisions of the Act on Regulations and Control of armaments, Ammunition, Explosives and Similar Articles prohibit and penalties for these activities. Specifically, Article 58 prohibits the production, importation, exportation, deals or possessions of compound, organic or radioactive armaments or any substances or materials for producing them; Devices for firing arms in a covert manner; Ammunition that is toxic and contains compound or innate materials; Firearms of war; and Weapons that belong to or are part of the equipment of the Armed Forces or the National Civil Police. Article 64 of the Act further prohibits any legal persons from dealing in, production, exportation, import or possession of militia-grade armaments. Articles 78 and 79 state that the weapons, grenades,missiles and bullets banned in the Act ought to be surrendered to the Office of Defense.
The Decision also conditions that El Salvador must acquire and implement successful procedures to set up domestic directives to alleviate the propagation of nuclear, chemically, or biologically made weapons as well as their way of release, also by creating appropriate directives over linked resources which ought to:build up and sustain suitable and efficient processes that can account for and secure such items during production, use, storage or transport; build up and sustain suitable efficient physical indemnity procedures; build up and sustain suitable efficient border directives and legal or regulatory efforts to detect, deter, stop and combat, through international cooperation where need arises, the illicit trafficking and brokering in such items in line with their national legal authorities and legislation and in consistency with international law; establish, develop, review and maintain suitable efficient national export and trans-shipment checks and balances over such items, including appropriate legislation and regulatory frameworks to control export, transit, trans-shipment and re-export and monitor the provision of funds and services that are associated with such export and trans-shipment .
Relationship between Disarmament and Development
These two different, yet strongly linked procedures relateto security in all its characteristics. Their connection is distinct, comprehensive, and compulsory. Although disarmament and development embrace distinct individual judgments and survive separately from each other, advancing one aspect can build a favorable setting for the latter. Both have to be practiced despite the speed of advancement in the other; and one must not be made inferior to the other. Extreme weaponry and militia expenditure can negatively affect progress and redirect economic, technical as well as human resources from advancement missions. Armaments in themselves may not be the origin source of violence and disagreement, yet their access and ease of use can coerce substantial security, jeopardize firmness as well as welfare and also reduce societal and economical self-assurance. As a result this can lead to reduction of investment,economical advancement hence adding to a series of deficiencies, underdevelopment and anguish.
On the other hand, even though it is perceived as a biased and ethically essential, disarmament is not necessarily a guide to advancement. It is clear that disarmament is capable of assisting the realization of more firm global, nationwide and neighboring state of affairs that are considered positive and essential for advancement. However, one might visualize a situation where disarmament might promote a reduction of a weak State’s capacity to protect itself against domestic or foreign hostility, or in which the soaring monetary expenses of disarmament result in negative effects on short-term prospects for development.
The connection between disarmament and development is therefore evident in the diverse approaches undertaken in different circumstances, depending on the safety and growth precedence and the situation in each respective state or county. Each case should be scrutinized on the virtues it possesses, particular lyin relation to the long-awaited hope that disbursement taken out from militia and security financial statements can or should automatically be channeled to finance development program. However, where appropriate, highlighting and enhancing the optimistic help that disarmament and growth produce for each other may sustain the progress to a nonviolent and safe planet for all its inhabitants.
Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space
Using decrees and negotiations inside the United Nations, a universalproposition has emerged that an arms race in outer space should be prevented. Nevertheless, owing to the organization of the intercontinentalofficialcommand and to the oppositionthe countries, an agreement, up until now, has not been discussed to widelyprevent the operation of weapons in space or to avoid the pursuits ofarmaments in outer space. This resolution has reaffirmed that the willpower of all states that the investigation and the use of outer space , plus the moon and the other spacebodieswill be for nonviolentreasons and this will be done for the advantage and in the significant contributions made for all nations. El Salvador as a country confirms the need and vitality of averting an arms race in the outer space and pleas to all the common states to contribute to this common objective, in particular those ones with major space capacities.
In addition, states should adhere to the objectives of the treaty with the interest of achieving and maintaining international peace as well as cooperation. It also distinguishes the rising union of outlooks on the establishment of measures set forth to enhance lucidity, self-assurance and safety in the nonviolent exploitation of any space the outside of earth. It advocates the nations performing actions in the outer space, should uphold the meeting of disarmament well-versed with the advancement of two-sided and many-sided discussions and debates as well as resolutions regarding the issue. In addition, The GGE comprises of a small group of worldwide space experts from a selection of space exploring countries with the key purpose of advancing international collaboration and reducing the threats of misinterpretation and misconceptions with regard to space actions.