Canada vs. Iran Justice System (Pro Canada)
Iran is the 18th largest nation in the world with a population of 80, 840, 713 people (Jalalian & Anvari, 2014). It is the 18th largest country by area. Iran is an Islamic republic, and the final political authority is bestowed in a knowledgeable religious scholar often called the Supreme Leader. The Iranian justice system is not democratic.
Iran’s economy is characterized by statist guidelines and an efficient state sector, which cause key distortions in the entire system. The country depends on oil, which generates a large portion of its income. Price regulations, subsidies, as well as other inflexibilities burden the economy, weakening the potential for private-sector-led development. The private sector operation is normally restricted to small-scale plants, farming, and some production and services. Moreover, informal market activity thrives, and corruption is prevalent (Roberson & Das, 2008).
Canada is ranked 37 among the largest countries worldwide with a population of 34, 834, 841(Jalalian & Anvari, 2014). It the second largest country in size. Being an advanced industrial society in the trillion-dollar category, Canada is similar to United States in its market-oriented economic system, the model of production, as well as wealthy living standards. The remarkable development of the industrial, mining, and service segments has changed the country from a rural economy into a largely industrial and urban.
Canada has a modern justice system whereas Iran has a traditional justice system. The modern criminal justice systems are founded on secular legal traditions, such as English common law and continental civil war. The traditional systems of criminal justice are founded on the religious law, for example, Sharia in Iran. Canada has a parliamentary republic, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy while Iran has a theocratic democracy (Jalalian & Anvari, 2014).
Canada’s military budget is $15.5 billion, which is 1 percent of its GDP while that of Iran’s is $12.3 billion, which is 3 percent of the GDP (International Monetary Fund Staff, 2004). Air pollution is high in Iran with 84.58% and very low in Canada with 19.51%. Iran’s air quality is low (15.42%) compared to Canada, which is very high with (80.49%) (International Monetary Fund Staff, 2004). The consumer prices, including rent, in Canada are 107.85% higher than in Iran. Iran has a GDP per capita of $18, 100, whereas that of Canada is $46,200 (International Monetary Fund Staff, 2004). In Iran, about 10.7% of people are jobless while in Canada, only 7.1% are unemployed (International Monetary Fund Staff, 2004). Canada has an enhanced health care system (80.99%) compared to Iran (45.83%), and about 37.1 per 1,000 newborns in Iran die before the age of one while only 4.6 per 1,000 infants die in Canada (International Monetary Fund Staff, 2004).
An investor would prefer Canada based on the above characteristics. In Iran, the Islamic clergies are in political power, and they stand for their own kind of extreme as well as an ultraorthodox understanding of Islamic jurisprudence. They have purposely demolished secular as well as modern systems of law and justice in search of their dream of a perfect Islamic state founded on an ideal system of Islamic criminal justice (Shahidullah, 2014). According to the extremist ultra-orthodox Shi’ite clergy of Iran, the modern criminal justice is contrary to Islam. Canada is among the immaculate nations that succeeded in fighting corruption by employing legal effectual methods and tools. It involved all the political elements, comprising the triad powers, administrative entities as well as international collaboration in the fight against corruption, which provided a great success for the nation.
International Monetary Fund Staff. (2004). World Economic Outlook April 2005: Globalization and External Imbalances. Washington: International Monetary Fund.
Jalalian, A., & Anvari, P. (2014). A comparative study of judicial control in Iran, USA and Canada. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 44, 61-73.
Roberson, C., & Das, D. K. (2008). An introduction to comparative legal models of criminal justice. cRc Press.
Shahidullah, S. M. (2014). Comparative criminal justice systems: Global and local perspectives. Jones & Bartlett Learning.