Philosophy Essays on Normative Philosophical Theory
A principle is a term that refers to laid-down procedures that govern people’s ways of behaviors or actions. Morality refers to a premise that governs conduct or behaviors, human beings are moral beings and each person has natural conscience that guides a person to decide their actions. There are no universal guidelines that define morality, thus the nature of a person’s behavior may be judged on the prevailing conditions or circumstances surrounding the actions. According to most countries’ laws, it is an offence to take the life of any individual for any reason whatsoever. This is because each person has the right to life. However, when an unarmed person’s life is threatened by an armed person, in the event that the former kills the latter in self-defense, they are not liable to any law (Kames 23).
Abortion is a violation of human right to life and is a moral injustice. While under the normal an expectant mother is advised to keep the pregnancy to full-term and to deliver, young mothers who do not intend to carry pregnancies are encouraged to take protective measures so as to prevent unwanted pregnancies. For example, a lady who may have been a victim of rape is allowed by law to undertake an abortion; likewise, an expectant mother whose life is endangered by the pregnancy is allowed by law to secure an abortion. Willingly, undertaking an abortion does not necessarily mean suffering any side effects or injuries, but this does not imply that the actions are socially acceptable (Kames 109).
Kames, Henry Home. “Essays on the principles of morality and natural religion.” (1751).