Nursing Research Paper on Inguinal Hernia

Inguinal Hernia

Introduction

Hernia is described as a condition of the abdomen that considerably develops as a result of weakening and bulging skin around the groin area. For that matter, hernia leads to the bulging of certain parts of the skin in the intestine before becoming painful during movement. It has been revealed that when skin bulging occurs in the groin, it is described as inguinal hernia (Bittner et al., 2015).  It is one of the common types of hernia, and specifically occurs when fatty tissues are forced through the inguinal canal. Medical professionals reveal that such conditions degenerate into bulges, and therefore, may not be easily diagnosed (Bittner et al., 2015). However, regular medical check-ups can unearth the condition and help in diagnosis for easy treatment and prevention to stop further damage to tissues. Studies reveal that in an inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin (Bittner et al., 2015). Further research indicates that approximately 96 percent of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area (Bittner et al., 2015). The paper describes the etiology and treatment of an inguinal hernia in males while detailing the anatomy of the affected area.

Etiology

The condition is noticeable based on appearance, especially among those who develop visible symptoms. The bulging of the groin and the pubic area is very painful in men, and whenever one stands or coughs, the size may consistently increase. Medical examiners outline symptoms in men to include; a burning sensation around the affected bulging area, excessive pain while coughing or bending, experiencing a feeling of fullness in and around the groin area, and swelling of the scrotum area (Bittner et al., 2015). Based on causes, medical professionals assert that the groin area of men is weak, especially muscles that carries sperms to the penis (Bittner et al., 2015). Therefore, this region can be strained when men cough, bend or carry heavy objects. However, there are many other causes such as inheritance, existence of a weak spot in the groin area, unprecedented pressure on the groin area, and recurrent constipation. Furthermore, inguinal hernia may be as a result of strenuous weight lifting, standing for long, premature birth, cystic fibrosis, and being obese.

Anatomy of Groin

The groin is a delicate and weak part. Medical examiners elaborate that the inguinal region is situated at the lower part of the anterior abdominal wall, with the thigh inferiorly located, the pubic tubercle medially placed, and the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) super laterally positioned (Burcharth et al., 2013). The canal connecting the region comprises the spermatic cord in males while the floor is a ligament forming externally as it folds over the pubic tubercle. Medical examination reveal that the folded area is known as shelving edge and is an important part during surgery and repairs (Burcharth et al., 2013).

Treatment and Prevention

The only known treatment for inguinal hernia is by conducting surgery and operation in the affected area. Consequently, surgery is the only option that can completely treat the condition. The use of belts is an option for many men but can only complicate the condition. Medical professionals avow that two types of surgeries, that is, herniorrhaphy and laparoscopic, can be performed on people suffering from this condition (Burcharth et al., 2013). Specifically, herniorrhaphy involves a single incision made on the affected area while laparoscopic involves making several small incisions on the male abdomen. However, individuals can stay healthy to prevent occurrence of the condition by maintaining healthy weight, avoiding smoking, limiting strenuous exercise, and eating a balanced diet.

Conclusion

Inguinal hernia is a medical condition that occurs in men’s abdominal region. Inguinal hernia is caused by a broad array of factors such as engagement in strenuous physical activities causing strains of delicate parts of the groin. The condition can be treated through surgeries and prevention initiatives. Today, many people suffer from the condition, and it is up to medical professionals to create awareness of the condition, so that people can live healthy lifestyles to avoid inguinal hernia.

 

 

References

Bittner, R., Montgomery, A., Arregui E, et al. (2015). Update of guidelines on laparoscopic

(TAPP) and endoscopic (TEP) treatment of inguinal hernia (International Endohernia Society) Surg Endosc. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4293469/. Accessed February 15, 2018.

Burcharth, J., Pedersen, M., Bisgaard, T., Pedersen, C., & Rosenberg, J. (2013). Nationwide

prevalence of groin hernia repair. PLoS One. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3544713/. Accessed February 15, 2018.