Nursing Essays on Canadian mental health care policy
Access to high-quality health care is essential for the physical and mental well-being of people. People with mental illnesses and other health problems in Canada continue experiencing challenges in accessing high-quality health care services. However, Canadian Medical Health Association has established several programs and policies that enhance access to primary care for residents. These policies include mental health promotion, screening and assessment, treatment and support services, educating staff members, and the establishment of a partnership with community organizations among others (Pal, 2014). The current Canadian health system aims at creating a healthier population and enhancing a good balance between prevention and treatment of mental illnesses. The paper will discuss the effectiveness and challenges encountered during implementation of mental health promotion policy. Moreover, it will discuss the implications of mental health promotion challenges on psychiatric nursing and psychiatric nurses
Mental Health Promotion
Mental health promotion increases the number of people who enjoy good mental health care services and significantly reduces the number of those who exhibit symptoms of mental disorders. Mental health problems have been reduced in Canada through the enhancement of factors that help protect people and reduce those factors that put people at risk (Pal, 2014). This involves the creation of a sense of belonging among the Canadians and good relationships, reduction of social isolation and an increment of accessibility to mental health facilities. Mental health promotion aims at creating awareness about how to prevent mental disorder and suicide cases. Moreover, it increases the number of community organizations, schools and post-secondary institutions that promote mental health to the children and youths and intervene as soon as the symptoms of mental illness emerge (Pal, 2014). The policy has helped people take charge of situations that affect their mental health and bounce back from the difficulties of life through the enhancement of protective factors and reduction of risk factors that lead to poor mental health.
Development of mental health promotion policy depends on the availability of skilled and informed workforce from different sectors such as education, community, health, and employment organizations (Pal, 2014). This is a challenge in Canada because there are only a few people who can work with people from diverse communities. Education and training are essential to enable dissemination of knowledge associated with the promotion of mental health. Furthermore, active collaboration from all sectors increases the understanding of positive mental health and importance of healthy quality life. These areas are expected to promote public awareness and eradicate misconceptions regarding mental ill health (Slade et al., 2014). Additionally, people lack research skills that are required in the development and evaluation of mental health promotion. Data from research on mental health is necessary to ensure that that the mental health promotion policy is effectively implemented. Moreover, there is limited data from national health surveys on mental health which help in the determination of health status at a population level.
Implications for Psychiatric Nursing and Psychiatric Nurses
Nurses have the responsibility to expand their knowledge and understanding of mental health and illnesses. They are expected to deliver competent, psychosocial, and physical care to people suffering from mental illnesses. Additionally, there are effective medical services when nursing services are optimized. Therefore, nurses need to work together with, government and non-governmental organizations to provide quality services. They need to possess skills that ensure effective communication with their patients and other health practitioners. Lack of skills and knowledge from nursing result in the crossing of boundaries that ought not to be crossed (Slade et al., 2014).Nurses need information from the medical surveys to know the type of drugs required to treat various ailments. Moreover, medical survey information ensures that the nurses are updated on diseases outbreaks and how to prevent them. Thus, nurses need to know the special education and roles required to make a significant contribution to mental health services.
Mental health promotion is important to organizational and individual health in Canada. It is evident that changes need to be made to overcome the challenges encountered during the implementation of mental health promotion policy. Canadian Mental Health Association need to cooperate with other organizations like the government, research institutions and community members to enhance efficiency of this policy. Moreover, individuals need to be trained on how to handle people from different communities and how to conduct medical surveys. Challenges encountered during the implementation of mental health promotion affects psychiatric nursing and psychiatric nurses in an adverse way. Thus, challenges such as lack of skills, limited health survey data and lack of cooperation among all sectors need to be addressed to ensure that nurses carry out their duties effectively.
Slade, M., Amering, M., Farkas, M., Hamilton, B., O’Hagan, M., Panther, G., & Whitley, R. (2014). Uses and abuses of recovery: implementing recovery‐oriented practices in mental health systems. World Psychiatry, 13(1), 12-20.
Pal, L. A. (2014). Beyond policy analysis: Public issue management in turbulent times. Thomson Nelson. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=aQS1NAEACAAJ&dq=isbn:0176507876&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y