Medical Sciences Paper on The Anatomy of the Human Knee

The Anatomy of the Human Knee

The article, “A comparative anatomical study of the human knee and six animal species” by Proffen and colleagues discusses the anatomy of the human knee in depth. The authors describe the various constituents of the human knee and their functions. The following essay will examine why the article is a credible source of information.

Proffen et al (2012) come up with an in-depth study since it has several pages, an abstract, and documented research. It enables them to develop a comprehensive research since they break down each part of the knee and elaborate on their function with the help of other studies and physical evidence.  Due to this comprehensive nature, the study is particularly aimed at novice students who want to master the anatomy of the knee and how the different functions work. The intention of the author is to reinforce findings from past studies as they compare the human knee with that of other six animals. As such, they reveal the unique functions of the human knee.

Proffen and colleagues are reputable scientists in the field of human autonomy and can be easily recognized as they have engaged in past studies. Further, they are all accredited professors who serve in different capacities at various higher education institutions. The article is a peer reviewed paper as it was examined by experts in the field before it was published (Bornmann, 2011). In particular, since it is a research study, the methodology of the study had to be examined to determine if it was valid so that the claims of the authors can be viable. As such, the authors had to clearly show that their approach was consistent with the standards of the field so that the findings could be approved by a panel of experts who are highly experienced in the field human anatomy (Norlyk & Harder, 2010). The source is current as it was published six years ago and is supported by illustration of how the human knee functions through physical experiments. Such details illustrate why this is a credible source.



Bornmann, L. (2011). Scientific peer review. Annual review of information science and technology45(1), 197-245.

Norlyk, A., & Harder, I. (2010). What makes a phenomenological study phenomenological? An analysis of peer-reviewed empirical nursing studies. Qualitative Health Research20(3), 420-431.

Proffen, B. L., McElfresh, M., Fleming, B. C., & Murray, M. M. (2012). A comparative anatomical study of the human knee and six animal species. The Knee19(4), 493-499.