Out of the many concepts that you will handle in your research project, theories are among the most prevalent. It is important to note that the concepts raised in a research study must be backed with relevant theories. In this case, theories are used to show how the problem relates to the research and why the problem exists. It is for this reason that you will be required to provide a theoretical framework for your thesis. Under this section, you will have the mandate of contextualizing the research problem with a theory or theories. In this case, the chosen theory should support your arguments fully. Here are some cardinal ideas to help you in writing a theoretical framework:
Begin By Examining Your Thesis Title and Research Problem
The first guiding factor to your research study is the title or the topic. The title provides the parameters that the researcher should observe when conducting their study. Therefore, before you articulate your theoretical framework, seek to familiarize fully with the title. Secondly, you need to consider the research problem section or the problem statement. This is yet another element that guides the entire study. In fact, the research problem frames the basis from which the theoretical framework is developed. This implies that the concept covered in the research problem should guide you on the theories to adopt in the subsequent section.
Another important element that can assist you in developing robust theoretical framework is the variables attached to your study. In this case, you should consider answering the question on the factors that contribute to the presumed effect in your study. You are required to account for all the existing variables in the interest of ensuring that your theoretical framework is contextual and relevant.
Check The Literature Review
It is important to note that the literature review section provides articulate information that can assist in answering the research question. Ideally, existing literature can provide adequate information needed to support your research as long as relevance is upheld. You can find direct or indirect answers to your research questions and eventually develop the much needed concepts in creating a theoretical framework.
Evaluate and Explain Relevant Theories
Now, this is the main section of your theoretical framework that you must pay close attention to. At this juncture, you will have adequately identified variables and the various concepts based on problem statement and literature review. You will also have gone through existing relevant literature and unearthed answers to the research questions whether directly or indirectly. Having done all this, the next step is to search for theories that relate with your study. You will definitely find theories associated with the research problem through the necessary research. Make sure that you evaluate and explain each theory that you consider relevant to your study.
Part of evaluating and explaining your chosen theories should be definitions that best fit your research study. The idea in making the relevant definitions is to ensure that proper justification is done, particularly on why the chosen theories are the best for the study. In some other cases, you can decide to gather different theories from different fields and bring them together to create a personalized theoretical framework.
Demonstrate Compatibility Between Theories and Your Research
The most integral part of your theoretical framework is to show the reader how your study connects with the chosen theories. In this case, you can argue from a contextual perspective. You can also use the chosen theory in interpreting the results in your study. Either way, the idea is to confirm that the chosen theories are fully compatible and relevant to your study or research.