Conceptual framework is an integral part of your research paper or thesis. This is the section that provides a clear review of the researcher’s synthesis of the existing literature, as well as explains a specific phenomenon. It is important to note that conceptual framework is presented in two different ways- diagram and written explanation. The diagrammatic presentation provides a clear relationship between different variables. The researcher, however, is required to write an explanation of the concept presented in the form of a diagram. Here are some important ideas to assist you in writing and articulating a good conceptual framework:
Have The Topic In Mind
It is advised that you should hold the main topic of your thesis in mind before you articulate your conceptual framework. This is because the guiding factor to your conceptual framework is essentially the topic you chose. Under the topic lies the key variables that must be accounted for in all other parts of the thesis, including the conceptual framework. In this regard, you should keep the main title and topic to your research in mind.
Re-read Your Literature Review
This is yet another important and cardinal section when it comes to creating an effective conceptual framework. Note that you must review relevant literature in accordance with your research problem and the research questions. It is through such literature that integral concepts are unearthed. You should have the most reliable and relevant information in your literature review. Take time to go through the literature review section in order to have an idea of the concepts that you should cover in your conceptual framework.
The main element that makes a robust conceptual framework is the variables. However, you need to have a standpoint or a theme that your research capitalizes on. Just like you identified a specific problem in the problem statement, the same case should apply when it comes to variables. In this case, the variables found in the literature review should be contextual to the research problem and the overall theme of your study. At this juncture, you can unearth the different variables without necessarily being as specific. The main idea is to get the variables.
Get The Most Relevant Variables
This is the point where you will be required to narrow down the list of variables you have generated from the literature review. At this juncture, you must evaluate every variable based on how it relates with the chosen theme and problem statement. The most relevant variables should be considered in developing the conceptual framework. You can identify the significant findings surrounding each variable to ascertain if they work ideally with your research.
Generate Conceptual Framework
The first task under this stage is to articulate a diagram which shows the interconnectedness of the concepts of the research with the various variables previously chosen. The focus here is to build a conceptual framework with a mix of variables relevant to the research theme. Note that the main requirement is to ensure that the conceptual framework is concise, accurate, and clear for the reader. Also, ensure that the conceptual framework addresses the major knowledge gaps identified in the study. Your explanation should guide the reader into fully understanding what the main concepts are.