How To Write A Journal Article

Research competence among learners is largely tested based on their ability to develop, write, and publish journal articles. A journal article (usually academic) is a report of an expert’s original research, analysis, review, and publication that relates to a particular topic. For a journal article to be regarded as such, a peer review must be conducted, which is aimed at confirming the validity of the research in readiness for publishing.

It is important to note that journal articles are written by individuals who are already experts. For instance, a Master’s student in law can write a journal article based on their expertise and knowledge in the area. The target audience for journal articles is equally made of experts. The peer reviewers of the journal articles are also experts in the specific area of concern. This, therefore, means that you must be strategic in articulating and writing your journal article. Here are some important ideas to assist in writing a professional journal article:


The title plays an integral role in informing the readers on what they should expect in the journal article. Note that individuals looking for information on the internet will always consider the title first and how relevant it is with their intended research. Therefore, you must ensure that the title of your journal article is articulate, concise, clear, accurate, and informative. Most importantly, you must ensure that the prime keywords are included in the title. One last thing…avoid including abbreviations and formulae on your title.

The Keywords

The role of keywords in a journal article is to assist in web ranking. Therefore, you must select keywords that adequately resonate with your topic and journal article since that will be an easy way of ensuring good ranking after publishing. A preliminary research can be conducted to identify the best ranking keywords that you can use in your journal article. Make sure that the identified keywords are relevant to your topic and that they can effectively rank your publication. List the keywords in your journal article.


The primary role of an abstract is to provide an overview of your journal articles by stating the key points of your research. It is recommended that your abstract should be clear and concise. It should be noted that an abstract should be created such that it stands alone and adequately informs the reader on what the article is all about. To achieve this, you need to address the following questions:

  • What is the research about?
  • Which methods were used in the journal article?
  • Which were the main findings?


Under this section, you will be required to acknowledge individuals who are not qualified for co-authorship but played an important role in the completion of the journal article. Intellectual, financial, and any other assistance can be provided by other individuals, hence the need to acknowledge them.


The introduction should be articulated in a manner that the background information is brought out while introducing the main topic. Here, you should give a sneak preview of the main areas that your article will cover. Also, include a thesis statement as the last sentence of your introductory paragraph to enable the readers to understand the direction that your research will take.

The Body

The body section allows you to discuss the main points in context with the topic and thesis statements. You should ensure that each paragraph covers one point and that adequate evidence is provided in order to back your research. Note that there should be a clear linking between each paragraph for the sake of cohesion.


This section should be an interpretation of the research results as covered in the body paragraphs. A clear summary of all concepts should also be provided in this section. The summary should be in the order of the most to least important concepts. Avoid introducing new concepts under the conclusion.


All sources used in the research should be acknowledged in in-text citations and list of references. The style of referencing should be based on the recommendations of your instructor.