In most cases, if not all, studies and research-based tasks begin by formulation of research questions. In this case, the research question is what the study or research aims at answering in the end. It is the question that sets the pace of the research and the direction that the writer should take in seeking the respective answers. A research question states a problem which, through the right analysis channel and interpretation, can lead to a conclusive study that directly or indirectly answers the primary question. Therefore, it is important for any student embarking on research to adequately devise research questions to ensure that the study runs smoothly. While it might appear as an easy task to develop research questions, you will require some strategies and articulation in doing so. Here are important things to do in order to formulate strong research questions:
Begin With A Broad Topic
It is always recommended that you primarily view your topic broadly before you begin formulating your research question. It is in doing so that you will be in a position to derive concepts from different angles of the topics. It is also through this approach that you will be able to develop subtopics and potential research questions. The idea here is to primarily understand the topic clearly in readiness for the creation of research questions. Topic selection is a major determinant of how easy it will be to formulate research questions. In this case, you should work with a topic that sparks interest and one with assorted dimensions, which can be studied.
Understand The Topical Issues
This is a crucial aspect that you must fully uphold before formulating your research questions. In this case, you should concentrate more on the available information with regard to the topic in question. A review of related literature will allow you to discover the various issues associated with your topic. This is essentially based on what and how scholars and researchers discuss in the respective literature. It is important to focus on up-to-date information by reviewing different sources. Another issue that emanates when you conduct preliminary research is that you are able to spot the existing gaps, as well as assorted limitations. In doing so, you will have identified the potential issues that can allow you to generate questions in readiness for the ultimate study.
Narrow Down Your Topic
Now that you have managed to gather enough information with respect to your research, it is time to narrow down your topic while identifying specific issues under which research questions can be developed. The idea here is to focus on areas that have adequate information, as well as those that have some specific issues to address. Most importantly, the areas of focus should be interesting to the reader. It is a good idea to consider developing research questions in a manner that allows you to complement the findings as projected in existing literature.
Evaluate the Research Questions
Now that you have developed some research questions in the previous stage, you will have to evaluate them and evaluate the ones that can be considered for your research. In this case, the point of focus should be on whether the questions are; feasible, interesting, novel, ethical, and relevant. Any question that does not suit the above parameters should be omitted from the study. Once you have settled for the most ideal research question, you can proceed to structure it properly. In this case, you must ensure that the research questions uphold maximum clarity.