How To format Your Dissertation

If time to write your dissertation is drawing closer, then you need to be ready with all the necessary insights and strategies to ensure that you come up with the best document in the end. A dissertation marks the final stage of your university studies, hence the need to be absolutely keen with what you do and submit. It is important that you understand the structure that has to be adhered to in order to come up with a robust dissertation. Here are the different sections of a dissertation, as well as how each one of them should be done:

Title Page

This section should provide identification details along with the title of your work. Include details such as name, institution, department, degree program, and date of submission.


This is the section which gives you the opportunity to appreciate individuals who played any significant role in the process of writing your dissertation. Keep the section short and precise.


This is essentially an overview of the study. Note that the abstract must be a standalone, such that the reader can easily understand what your study is all about without referring to other sections of your document. Keep the abstract between 150 and 300 words. State the main topic, describe the methods used, summarize the results, and state the conclusion in brief.

Table of Contents

Make sure that a table of content is inserted indicating the various sections of your dissertation and their respective pages. The reader should be able to navigate to a specific page easily with the help of the table of content.


The introduction of your dissertation should provide different subsections, including the background, problem statement, relevance and significance of the study, the purpose of the study, research objectives, and research questions. In a nutshell, the introduction should provide a robust foundation for your research, particularly what will be covered in the subsequent sections of your study. You also need to ensure that the reader understands the scope of the study. The prime idea is to ensure that the researcher understands the what, why, and how of your research.

Literature Review

It is recommended that you first seek to understand the area of study that you have chosen even before you start writing your dissertation. This is why you must be familiar with existing literature, particularly what it has to do with your area of study. The literature review section allows you to explore different sources of existing literature, particularly those that resonate with your topic. You can seek for such information from different sources such as books, journals, and articles, among others. Remember to maintain context and theme when writing your literature review.


The section provides a breakdown on the approach that will be sought in generating data for the study. In this case, you should cover the data collection methods, the respondents, the target population and location, data analysis methods, research tools used, the research timeline, the limitations, and justification of your methods. It is important to ensure that accuracy is upheld in this section.


In this section you will be required to report the results you raised after applying the data collection methods applied in the previous chapter. You need to ensure that the results are reported in an accurate and coherent manner. Consistency with your methods of data collection should be fully maintained.


The section is meant to discuss the results of your study from a research perspective. Here, the meaning of the implications is covered fully based on the research questions you established in the first chapter. You may also acknowledge the limitations associated with the research in this section. Unexpected results may also be part of this section, particularly if they are relevant with your study.


The conclusion should portray a concise and accurate way of answering research questions. In essence, the conclusion is meant to bring out answers to all research questions stated in the first chapter. In a nutshell, the conclusion should summarize everything that your dissertation has covered, particularly the answers to the major research questions.