How to Develop and Write A Strong Hypothesis For Your Dissertation

One of the major elements that determine what to expect at the end of the research is the Hypothesis. It is worth noting that a hypothesis introduces the research question and proposes the expected outcome. It is, however, notable that it is not always that the predicted results in the hypothesis come true. Markedly, there are cases whereby the hypothesis may be null. Therefore, the hypothesis must be testable. It is important to ensure that the developed hypothesis is indeed accurate and without flaws, failure to which there may be a lot of challenges in conducting your experiment. Here are some important ideas on how you can construct a testable hypothesis for your dissertation:

Ask A Question

The foundational approach of writing a hypothesis is by stating a question. It is important to note that the hypothesis is meant to provide answers to the research questions you have formulated. In other words, the ultimate hypothesis that you develop must be built around the research questions identified in your research. It is, therefore, important to ensure that the research question is focused, specific, articulate, and most importantly, researchable. That way, the hypothesis developed will be testable and ideal for your experiment.

Embark On Preliminary Research

At this juncture, there is what is already known about the topic that you have chosen. Notably, this is what you should focus on in answering the question you previously stated. You may want to consider theories and previous studies that can be used in answering the respective questions. It is important to also consider constructing conceptual framework as an approach to identify which variables the study will address. Here, you should consider the relationship between the different variables.

Formulate The Hypothesis

Having familiarized with the contents of the research questions and having understood the existing variables through the conceptual framework, it is at this juncture that you will have to formulate your hypothesis. In this case, your approach should be based on answering the research question while incorporating the necessary variables. Make sure that your initial hypothesis is an articulate, clear, and concise sentence. From this point, you should have an idea on the direction that your hypothesis should take. Again, you need to be as clear as possible in stating your initial hypothesis.

Refine Your Hypothesis

The aspect of refining your hypothesis is meant to ensure that the final statement is specific and testable. Note that a research hypothesis is not simply a statement. Rather, it is an articulate statement that is subject to experimentation to facilitate the desired results. Therefore, you must ensure that your hypothesis is refined fully. In this case, make sure that the relevant variables are used, the specific group is identified, and that there is the predicted outcome from an experiment or analysis.

Write A Null Hypothesis

It is necessary to note that the results in a research experience are two-way. This means that the hypothesis can be null or alternative. The first hypothesis that you developed in the previous stages becomes the Alternative (H1). Now, using the same steps, you should construct a Null hypothesis (H0). Therefore, you will end up with two hypotheses, which can be tested in a research experiment. One of the hypotheses will emerge proven, while the other can be disapproved.