CAM Therapeutic Modalities Paper
Comparison and contrast of conventional current regulations and oversights existing in the United Sates and nonconventional medicine
In recent years, conventional medicine in the United States is proving ineffective for a significant proportion of chronic diseases, and this is worsened by the fact that its primary focus is on addressing immediate events of disease and injury while neglecting or overlooking the underlying socioeconomic factors in American society such as education, income, and behavioral risk factors. These reasons have seen a significant percentage of the American population shift to the use of nonconventional medicine. Research indicates that the American public has pursued nonconventional medicine, especially, alternative and complementary care at an ever-increasing rate. Previously, healthcare regulations in the US focused on conventional medicine and ignored nonconventional medicine (Mary, 2014). However, the current trend where most Americans prefer nonconventional medicine has seen the enactment of regulations for the same. The present regulations for conventional and nonconventional medicine are similar or different in one way or the other. Regarding similarities, both conventional and nonconventional medicine regulations state that only licensed healthcare providers with direct patient care and support responsibilities such as nurse, physicians, nurse practitioners, preventive medicine physicians, primary care providers, community health workers, social workers, alternative medicine providers, public health professionals, and others, are allowed to offer conventional or nonconventional medical services to patients (Mary, 2014). Besides, oversight for both conventional and nonconventional medical services is the responsibility of the Secretary of Health and Human Services. However, the contrast between two regulations is that health insurance coverage is provided for conventional medicine and not for nonconventional medicine.
Defining alternative, complementary, and integrative
Alternative and complimentary are concepts used concurrently, and they refer to a broad set of healthcare therapies, modalities, or healthcare practices, which concentrate not on signs and symptoms but addressing a person wholly regarding the body, mind, emotion, spirit, and the environment. In most cases, these are therapies or healthcare practices that may replace or be used as complements to conventional Western medical, pharmacological, or surgical treatments. Complementary and alternative therapies include meditation, physical training, cognitive behavioral therapy, and others. On the other hand, the term “integrative” in relation to medicine refers to the practice of medicine, which reaffirms how important the relationship between patient and practitioner is, focuses or stresses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and takes into consideration every appropriate therapeutic approach, healthcare professionals, as well as disciplines, with the aim of achieving optimal health and healing (Kreitzer & Koithan, 2014).
The role of conventional medicine in alternative, complementary, and integrative
There is a close relationship between conventional medicine and the terms alternative, complementary, and integrative. Conventional medicine has to integrate complementary and alternative medicine in practice such as acupuncture, aromatherapy, herbs, touch therapies, music therapy, and folk healers for efficient healing of patients. Also, in integrative, conventional medicine must be involved so as to show evidence of whether the close relationship between practitioner and the patient is fruitful or effective (Kreitzer & Koithan, 2014).
The philosophy of CAM and how it relates to or is different from conventional Western medicine
The philosophy of CAM is that through unconditional presence and intention, nurses, physicians, and other licensed healthcare providers should create environments that are conducive to the patient’s healing process, and this should involve the use of techniques that promote the patient’s empowerment, peace, comfort, as well as a subjective sense of harmony and well-being of the patient. The holistic health care provider must act in partnership with the person receiving care or the family in granting options and alternatives concerning health and treatment (Dossey et al., 2016). More importantly, the holistic healthcare provider should assist the patient to find meaning in the illness and health experience. Conventional Western medicine also insists on the partnership between the healthcare provider and the patient or family in the provision of treatment, and this highlights how it relates to CAM’s philosophy.
How NCCAM classifies Contemporary Health Approaches
NCCAM classifies Complementary Health Approaches based on several factors including how the complementary health approaches work, whether it can be studied in people, the specific effects of the approaches on people, and how well the Complementary Health Approaches work in the general population or healthcare settings (Mary, 2014).
CAM treatment therapy
One CAM treatment therapy is mind-body medicine. This focuses on the interactions among the mind, body, and behavior, and the intent of this therapy is to use the mind to affect physical functioning (Mary, 2014). There are several mind-body techniques including patient support groups, psychotherapy, meditation, relaxation, imager, biofeedback, and Tai Chi. Other mind-body therapies involve training, spirituality, as well as the use of creative outlets such as art, music, dance, or journaling.
Use of mind-body medicine as an alternative
One medical condition that can be treated using mind-body medicine therapy is depression. Often, conventional medicine is not effective when it comes to treatment of depression in patients, and thus, mind-body medicine therapy can be used as an alternative therapy in such as situation. Some of the techniques that would help treat depressed persons include allowing them time for meditation and relaxation as well as enabling them to dance or listen to music. Results of scientific studies indicate that mind-body medicine is a perfect way of treating depression, as most depressed persons often become more interactive, jovial, and develop positive attitudes towards those around them, especially nurses, once they are given space for meditation and relaxation or when they are introduced to music or dancing.
Dossey, B. M., Keegan, L., Guzzetta, C. E., & Kolkmeier, L. G. (2016). Holistic nursing: A handbook for practice. The Nurse Practitioner, 21(9), 142.
Kreitzer, M. J., & Koithan, M. (Eds.). (2014). Integrative nursing (Vol. 11). Oxford University Press.
Mary, H. (2014). Core curriculum for holistic nursing. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett Learning.