Blood Infections In 2020
Blood stream infections affect some people and may cause death if not treated early enough. These infections result from bacteria finding its way into the blood stream. Once in the blood stream it causes infections some so severe they cause organ failure leading to death. Most infections are reported to occur in hospitals. Catheters used provide a means for bacteria that reside on their surfaces to get into the blood stream. Dental operations also provide an opportunity for bacteria to get into the blood stream (Beltrami, et al., 2000). These bacteria are known to reside mostly in hospitals and the skin. This implies that the administrator of a hospital can influence the spread of these infections and the general health of people in 2020.
Health administrators formulate policies that dictate how hospitals operate. This way they play a pivotal role on the ability of the health institutions to combat health problems in the society. Nurses and doctors abide by the policies of the administrators because they are their bosses. The policies they come up especially on usage of hospital equipments are very critical in dissemination of health services. They dictate how equipments such as catheters are used before they are disposed (Malhotra, et al., 2006). This implies that if they have policies that insist on recycling some of these equipments then they will affect the control of blood infections. Health administrators control the finances of health institutions. They make some of their decisions based on the monetary policies they have put in place to control finances. This way they affect control of some diseases that require new equipments to be used regularly.
Health administrators also control the cleanliness of health institutions they run. This implies that if they have lax rules then occurrences of infections that result from poor hygiene will be common. Blood stream infections occur from presence of bacteria in health facilities which later gains access into the blood stream (Seybold, et al., 2006).. This implies that a hospital with poor hygiene is likely to have a prevalence of this disease. This hygiene may include how well they sterilize surgical equipments. Surgical equipments can be used by bacteria to enter into the blood stream. If they are stored in conditions that are not hygienic they will have these bacteria. Once they surgical instrument is used to operate on a person the bacteria will enter the blood stream causing an infection. This can be blamed on the administrator because they make policies affecting every department in the hospital. Therefore, storage of these equipments is done according to what they administration dictates and using storage facilities provided by the administrators.
Furthermore the hygiene of washrooms, wards, beddings etcetera is also dependent on the policies of the hospital. If the polices advocate for a very clean hospital then there is every likelihood blood infections will be very few. Hygiene of these places is important because dirty conditions create a thriving environment for bacteria (Wertheim, et al., 2004). These bacteria eventually get into the patient’s blood through surgical equipments and other things that touch their open wounds. This implies that cleanliness is of paramount importance in any health facility. Any facility that does not pay attention to this exposes its patients to infections that thrive in dirty conditions. This highlights the importance of the administrators of hospitals formulating policies that priorities cleanliness in a health facility (English, et al, 1999).
In addition, health administrators can also create awareness of the health problem to encourage patients to maintain high hygiene standards. This would go a long way in ensuring that patients clean themselves and protect their wounds and keep them clean. This would also discourage patients from sharing items that may pass bacteria from one patient to the other (Claridge, et al., 2002). This kind of awareness is important because nurses cannot be expected to do everything to protect their patients. This requires patients to also participate in maintenance of high hygiene standards. If properly done blood infections would reduce blood infections significantly.
Health administrators play a key role in the efficiency of the health facilities they manage. They are entrusted with the responsibility of formulating policies that will not only keep the facility in sound financial condition but also delivering high quality medical services. However, the most important role is formulating polices that will ensure the facility performs its key role of health service delivery exemplarily (Pfaller, et al., 1999). A health facility is as good as the service it offers not the amount of money it is able to generate. This implies that health administrators have a huge impact on the control and eradication of such diseases such as blood stream infections (Benezra, et al, 1988). If they can maintain the hygiene of their health facilities and also ensure that they supply their facilities with new equipments to ensure that surgical instruments are not recycled. They will have eradicated the most common ways through which the disease is spread. The state of health in the year 2020 is highly dependent on how administrators run their health institutions. As long as they formulate sound policies blood infections will be very low in the year 2020.
English, J. F., Cundiff, M. Y., Malone, J. D., Pfeiffer, J. A., Bell, M., Steele, L., & Miller, M. (1999). Bioterrorism readiness plan: a template for healthcare facilities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Beltrami, E. M., Williams, I. T., Shapiro, C. N., & Chamberland, M. E. (2000). Risk and management of blood-borne infections in health care workers. Clinical microbiology reviews, 13(3), 385-407.
Malhotra, I., Mungai, P., Muchiri, E., Kwiek, J. J., Meshnick, S. R., & King, C. L. (2006). Umbilical cord–blood infections with Plasmodium falciparum malaria are acquired antenatally in Kenya. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 194(2), 176-183.
Seybold, U., Kourbatova, E. V., Johnson, J. G., Halvosa, S. J., Wang, Y. F., King, M. D., … & Blumberg, H. M. (2006). Emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 genotype as a major cause of health care—associated blood stream infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 42(5), 647-656.
Wertheim, H. F., Vos, M. C., Ott, A., van Belkum, A., Voss, A., Kluytmans, J. A., … & Verbrugh, H. A. (2004). Risk and outcome of nosocomial< i> Staphylococcus aureus</i> bacteraemia in nasal carriers versus non-carriers.The Lancet, 364(9435), 703-705.
Claridge, J. A., Sawyer, R. G., Schulman, A. M., McLemore, E. C., & Young, J. S. (2002). Blood transfusions correlate with infections in trauma patients in a dose-dependent manner. The American Surgeon, 68(7), 566-572.
Pfaller, M. A., Jones, R. N., Doern, G. V., Fluit, A. C., Verhoef, J., Sader, H. S., … & Hollis, R. J. (1999). International surveillance of blood stream infections due to< i> Candida</i> species in the European SENTRY program: species distribution and antifungal susceptibility including the investigational triazole and echinocandin agents. Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease, 35(1), 19-25.
Benezra, D., Kiehn, T. E., Gold, J. W., Brown, A. E., Turnbull, A. D., & Armstrong, D. (1988). Prospective study of infections in indwelling central venous catheters using quantitative blood cultures. The American journal of medicine, 85(4), 495-498.