Evaluating a Case Study on prevalence of Diarrhea
This article is a review involving a case study where two sets of patients are evaluated with respect to the diarrhea. An ideal of this study evaluates two parameters where two distinctive situations are compared, and accorded appropriate conclusions. For instance, what is the level of infection among people who are either infected or safe from this disease? Therefore, this study design involves a case control since the health status of patients with respect to diarrhea effluents. Out of this article, I learn to evaluate the implications improving health standards towards the sustainability of quality service delivery to the sector. The parametric values that the empirical study reveals include health condition of patients in the before and after exposure to different health conditions (Schlesselman, 2007, p. 35). Case control are more popular than Cohort studies since case controls are simple and do not require longer duration of studies. Cohort studies deal with evaluation on a given group of people with regard to a given infection, while case studies deal with examination of cases, people with diseases and those who are not infected.
Cohort study deals with health conditions of a given group of people who are initially free from the disease, while case studies capture both conditions where, one group is safe while the other is infected. Cases refer to people who are infected, while control refers to safe people. Cohort study is preferable in studies involving longer duration, regarding the behaviors of people with respect to a particular disease. On the other hand, case studies is preferable in simple studies where two sets of individual are studies with regard to a particular condition, and this normally takes a shorter duration(Schlesselman, 2007, p.36). Having the characteristic of evaluation the causation of a particular disease gives this method the best advantage. Cohort study is prospective when applied in studying causes of diseases, and becomes prospective when applied in evaluating wide range of diseases.
Schlesselman, J. J. (2007). Case control studies: Design, conduct, analysis. New York u.a: Oxford Univ. Press.