Kump Lee. The last great global warming: Scientific American, 2011, p. 57-61. The author together with other scholars ventured to find convincing evidence to confirm the assertion of the most abrupt global episode of all time. The investigation involved surveying rocky outcrops and rugged landscapes that acted as habitat for many animals. There were no sign of any animal life, yet these places were inhabited by palm trees, ferns and alligators. The major concern of the authors was the diminishing polar bears that previously attracted many visitors to even remote island of Norway. In short, the author was trying to investigate the reason for the diminishing flora and fauna as a result of climate change and global warming.
The methods used by Kump to collect information are through surveys and experiments conducted on the cliff and rugged landscape. The author then related the information collected to findings from other researchers. According to the Kump, there have been a lot of conspiracies surrounding greenhouse (Kump 58). However, it worth mentioning that burning of fossil fuel has not been the major cause of climate change and global warming. Historically, when the continents were forming, molten rock and intense heat rose through landmasses created, passed through carbon compounds, coal and oil to generate carbon dioxide that was emitted to the atmosphere. Experimental studies also reveal that volcanoes have also been partly responsible for the global heating that is affecting many Islands leading to death of many sea animals and plants (Kump 59). Further, information collected from research articles revealed that water temperatures are not entirely determined by heat on the surface but rather heat generated from minerals and skeletons trapped within the rocks underneath.
The study found out that the rate of global warming is determined by how fat greenhouse gases are trapped in the atmosphere. According to the research findings, it is estimated that current warming is about eight degrees Celsius by 2400 if fossil-fuel burning and carbon impounding go impervious (Kump 58). Based on this projection, it is clear that past rate of heating was lower that what is experienced today. Evidence reveal that past heating was as a result of fossil deposits, molten rocks but today’s is a combination of the past causes and human activities. Perhaps, this explains why climate change and global warming is rapid today more than in the past.
The article was informative and the author comprehensively dissected the aspect of climate change and global warming. The article stands out because of how the author has traced the issue from the past to present. The author was persuasive through analysis of past research articles and focusing them to the main research question. The topic effectively relates to aspects discussed in class especially on the main causes of global warming. From the article, it is clear that molten rock, decomposition of fossils and skeleton in addition to human activities have been responsible for the global phenomenon. The article was well written considering that the author is a professor with vast experience in the field under discussion. Also, the article was devoid of spelling and grammatical errors, figures and illustrations used were easy to understand even by a layman person. I recommend the article to geologists and other people interested in the study of rock crusts and climate change.
The author concludes by asserting that despite today’s global warming exceed the past, all is not lost and robust measures can be put in place to avoid the imminent calamity. However, to achieve the mission of reducing climate change and global warming, all nations must come together to help reduce buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere through a raft of measures.
Kump Lee. The last great global warming: Scientific American, 2011, p. 57-61.