Geology Article Review Paper on Global Freshwater Crisis

Written by BBC’s Tim Smedley, this article focuses on the freshwater crisis facing the global community. The author notes that despite the abundance of water, which makes up to 70 percent of the surface of the Earth, global communities are faced with increasing shortage of freshwater that is fit for human consumption. While noting that only 2.5 percent of this water is consumable by humans while the rest is seawater, the author notes that humans have played a critical role in dwindling the volumes of such a critical natural resource. He notes that global warming marked by searing temperatures has led to a scarcity of freshwater. This has been exacerbated by a rapidly growing human population which has increased pressure on the available freshwater resources. Citing several sources, the author argues that the global freshwater resources are dwindling due to an imbalance between replenishing and draining factors. Citing the example of the Syrian war, the author argues that dwindling freshwater level leads to civil wars. He also notes that inadequate freshwater resources lead to loss of livelihood as a result of land degradation. The bleak future makes younger generations more vulnerable to being radicalized by terrorist organizations such as Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram.

Giving the examples of Israel, England, Turkey, and Australia among others, the author highlights several successful initiatives that have been implemented to solve this global crisis. Putting a price tag on water and commoditizing it has helped Australia survive drought. Stormwater harvesting initiatives in countries such as Australia, Bermuda, Turkey, England, Singapore, and Kerala among others have helped in the collection of millions cubic meters of rainwater annually for agricultural and domestic use. The article also highlights Israel’s desalination of seawater and effluent water recycling for domestic and agriculture use and production of energy as some of the initiatives aimed at solving the global freshwater crisis. The author argues that companies such as Coca-Cola which also desalinates water are better placed when it comes to implementing policies aimed at creating water-efficient societies.

One of the key strengths of the article is the use of statistics that are well referenced. The author provides links to the facts and statistics that he uses to cement his arguments. In addition to adding reliability and validity to the arguments, it also helps in capturing the severity of the problem. Statistics appeals to the readers by crystallizing the severity of freshwater crisis globally. This is further reinforced by using examples of freshwater crisis from different parts of the world. This paints the picture of a truly global problem. Validity and reliability are further achieved by citing issues, facts, and events that are in the public domain. Several news outlets covered  issues and events such as the almost five-year drought in California followed by heavy rainfall between 2011 and 2017. Mexico City’s water and sinking problems, Israel’s effluent water recycling initiative, and collection of rainwater in Turkey’s Basilica Cistern are issues and events that are in the public domain and are verifiable.

Additionally, the author has seamlessly intertwined scientific facts and statistics with a flowing narrative to tackle the topic captivatingly. By finding common ground between narrative and scientific facts and statistics, the author ensures that his delivery is not monotonously riddled with scientific jargons and statistics and bland. This enables him to reach a greater audience beyond the scientific community and policymakers. This is further achieved by sequential and concise coverage of the topic.

In conclusion, this article provides a great insight on an important issue facing the globe. Using statistics and scientific facts, the author paints a clear picture of the importance and urgency of the issue.