Geography Paper on Lightning Protection for Airplanes, Boats, Trees

Harsh weather conditions can be damaging to human life as well as property such as buildings and vehicles. Climatic change has resulted in a changed weather pattern that is threatening human life from different perspectives. For instance, recent torrential rains in the Philippines were unpredicted, and alarm systems provided alerts in an untimely manner. Similarly, recent Indonesia’s flooding has resulted in a significant number of deaths due to the adverse impacts of lightning strikes. This discussion, however, analyzes relevant aspects of lighting protection mechanisms for the identified set of properties. Lightning possesses death threats to human life if sufficient protection mechanisms are not adopted for airplanes, boats, and trees.

Structural damage presents a consequence of lightning which affects the general integrity of a vehicle. This damage is described by lightning occurrences which destroy the body model of a vehicle, including the lighting system and glass windscreens (Holle, 37). Mechanical damage, similarly, is also a structural consequence of lighting which affects the automotive capacity of a vehicle to power-on and moves from one point to another. Lastly, the electrical system of a vehicle is also affected by the electromagnetic effect light has on such metals which propagate electrical power in the form of electric current (Elsom, Derek, and Jonathan, 225). The net impacts of lightning damage could stop normal functioning of any electric-powered equipment.

Lightning strikes pose a significant threat to the exterior of a vehicle – as noted in the above discussion. For instance, the chemical composition of the metal cage at the exterior of the vehicle could be adversely affected causing consistent electric shocks (Cheng et al., 25). This could have adverse impacts or dame to human life as any contact with the exterior of a vehicle could result in electric shocks (Lu et al., 5535). Mechanical damage is another imminent threat that lightning could pose on vehicles and this affects its locomotive system. This threat could lead to functional incapacity of vehicles as the ability to move between short distances would be difficult.

Wire bundle shields are an appropriate method of countering adverse impacts of lightning strikes on vehicles and airplanes. These cables protect airplanes and vehicles by providing a protective shield that grounds lightning shock waves to the surface in an earthling process (Zhang et al., 593). Similarly, ground straps protect airplanes and vehicles by integrating a process for lightning strikes by connecting the engine blocks to the chassis (Ma et al., 182). This is a prevention method that ensures the mechanical and electrical system of a vehicle or airplane is not affected by electromagnetism from lightning strikes. Conducting meshes, likewise, describe a common lighting prevention mechanism which protects a vehicle or airplane from strong electromagnetic consequences of lightning.

The most effective methods of protecting airplanes, boats, and trees from lightning strikes will include running a series of conducting meshes that neutralizes electromagnetic effects. This would protect airplanes (while on land and air) as well as vehicles and trees which could threaten human life if an individual is caught up in these surroundings. Universally, individuals are encouraged to use wire bundle shields installed in homes, commercial and residential buildings as a means of protecting life and property from lightning. This method of implementing a safety measure against lightning is common due to the implementation ease during its installation process.


Works Cited

Cheng, Hong-Bo, et al. “Risk assessment and early warning of lightning disaster for traction         power supply system of high-speed railway.” Journal of the China Railway Society 35.5   (2013): 21-26.

Elsom, Derek M., and Jonathan DC Webb. “Deaths and injuries from lightning in the UK, 1988–            2012.” Weather 69.8 (2014): 221-226.

Holle, Ronald L. “A summary of recent national-scale lightning fatality studies.” Weather,            Climate, and Society 8.1 (2016): 35-42.

Lu, Weitao, et al. “Lightning attachment process involving connection of the downward negative             leader to the lateral surface of the upward connecting leader.” Geophysical Research            Letters 40.20 (2013): 5531-5535.

Ma, Shi-lei, et al. “Correlation analysis for the attack of bacillary dysentery and meteorological     factors based on the Chinese medicine theory of Yunqi and the medical-meteorological        forecast model.” Chinese journal of integrative medicine 19.3 (2013): 182-186.

Zhang, Xiuying, et al. “Analysis of acid rain patterns in northeastern China using a decision tree             method.” Atmospheric environment 46 (2012): 590