Comparison and Contrast of Cat and Dog
Cats and dogs are animals kept by many families worldwide as household pets. The cat, scientifically known as Felis catus, is a small furry carnivorous animal. It is commonly referred to as the domestic cat or house cat. It is a common domestic pet in most households worldwide. It is likeable due to its human companionship and its useful ability to get rid of pests and vermin found in the household. The cat has an agile body and is able to adapt to different environments. All cats have specialized hairs called whiskers, which are sensitive to air that enable movement in the dark. Cats have been recorded to have a lifespan of up to 35 years. The domestic dog, whose scientific name is Canis lupus familiaris is a furry domestic pet and was the first recorded domesticated animal. It is a very popular pet, even referred to as ‘man’s best friend. Humans use dogs for various purposes. These include helping in hunting, farm work, providing security as well as assisting those with disabilities such as the blind. Dogs live for around 15 to 20 years.
Cats and dogs have different needs with regards to hygiene. Cat tongues are specialized for self-grooming and hygiene. They are useful in removing loose hairs from the coat. They therefore do not need bathing, since they are used to grooming themselves, but should be brushed regularly. Dogs, on the other hand, need regular grooming, especially for those with long fur. This involves passing a comb over the dog’s coat to loosen dirt, dead hair and other dirt to stimulate the skin into producing natural oils. Certain blades and scissors have to be used to shorten the coat hair. They also need to be bathed regularly to maintain their hygiene and general outlook. Dogs therefore have greater hygiene needs as compared to cats.
Regular exercise is important for the growth and development of animals. Cats are used to playing in order to keep themselves occupied, which is one of their exercise mechanisms. Young kittens play often, which also prepares them for adult life, for example they develop predatory skills by chasing their tails. Play also provides a great source of enjoyment for the cat and the owner. Some older cats with no urge of spontaneous play require to be induced. Generally, play is an important way to keep the cat fit and healthy. Unlike cats, dogs need to be to be exercised by their owners. Modern dogs no longer carry out their intended purpose of hunting, herding and other traditional tasks and are often left alone in the home. This prohibits their natural exercise strategies and they therefore need to be exercised. Physical exercises common for dogs include make them fetch objects, tug, run, swim and walking with their owner for at least an hour or so. Mental exercises such as obedience and trick training are also important for the dog.
Cats require minimal training as compared to dogs. Cats usually learn to do tricks by themselves. Where training is required, cats require minimum effort. For example, cats can be easily taught to use their litter box. Dogs, on the other hand, need to be trained and socialized. Dog training needs to last for around two months in order for them to learn new skills and tricks.
On completion of training, dogs are very useful and can be utilized as guard dogs for the blind, security dogs and sniffer dogs to help in detecting illegal substances.
In conclusion, dogs and cats have major differences in terms of their exercise needs, training requirements, grooming needs and roles in society. Cats are more preferable due to their minimal monitoring needs, training and hygiene. They also need lesser nutritional maintenance and financial intervention.