Whitepaper Research Review for Plastic Waste Recycling Proposal
The focus on waste management in the United States is changing. More emphasis is not put on dispersal of waste materials, but rather shunning its production and minimizing the waste stream wherever possible. The U.S. has integrated some policies on waste management and pollution, to replace the comprehensive National Waste Management Strategy and action plans to implement the policy. As a result, production of plastics continues to outdo plastic reutilization and it is transferring other recyclable materials. This is the reason why there are many recyclable materials in the towns. More than 8% of the materials (by weight) and an approximated 17.8 percent of deposited materials in the landfills of the Campus consist of plastic materials. This is the second biggest deposit in ranking group of discarded bulk deposited in community landfills. Historically, plastics have been improvident to recondition without subsidizations.
Reprocessing of plastics is an inventive practice advanced to help in curtailing environmental pollution within institutions of learning (Ross and Evans 570). In addition, have been using improper techniques of disposing plastics and other non biodegradable items such as polythene bags. This invention will entail the establishment a fairly-sized recycling plant within the institution. The plant will perform among other activities melting plastics, after which they will be used to produce manila papers threads including plastic poles. To enable proper collection of plastic materials, it will be necessary to locate plastic waste collection buckets in different locations within the institution. These aresas include the students’ hostels, lecture halls, playinggrounds and footpaths. The success of the plant will also require the positioning of a number of plastic waste collectors within the institution. These collectors will also be in charge of separatingthe plastic wastes from other solid wastes to enable easy processing.
Reprocessing plastics is deliberated an appropriate topic for this study since it entails an invention that will help in providing much needed solution to the environmental challenge brought about by plastic wastes within the university. It is a fact that reusing plastics ensures that there are limited or no discarded materials in the environment while at the same time providing a platform on which waste plastics can be used to yield new products hence crafting spaces in dumpsites (Ross and Evans 570). Recycling decreases the plea upon the already inadequate resources since salvaging and reprocessing materials reduces production costs significantly (Dubey et al 33). The amount of energy used in the recycling process is relatively lower compared to that which is consumed when the said products are produced from the raw material. This means that recycling process is relatively cheaper since melting previously molten plastics requires less amount of heat considering that palstics melt at lower temperatures. This innovation will not only be eco-fiendly, it will also provide a way through which the university can maintain a clean and safe environment at a relatively lower cost. Economically, the project will provide students with an income generating project which will go a long way in not only meeting their school needs but also satisfying individual basic needs.
Reasons for the selection of this innovative project
This innovation was nominated to critic the many shortcomings related to plastic litters when not predisposed properly. Furthermore, in the surrounding of the university, there have been numerous plastic wastes resulting from shopping bags, bottles of beverages and soft drinks. When poorly disposed these wastes are detrimental to the surroundings and human well-being as well. This is due to the fact that plastics cannot decompose into organic material to benefit the environment and this can contaminate the environment. Moreover, plastics can endure in waste from within our surroundings for an tremendously long time. As a result, this may come with great hazards to human health and the surroundings (Mudgal et al 11). Reprocessing plastics has been chosen as the an enhanced alternative for confronting this threat, particularly because other operative disposal approaches are fairly expensive. Therefore, the inventive reutilizing technique will be appropriate in limiting such environmental difficulties at an inexpensive proportion. On numerous occasions, observation has revealed that students fail in following the correct disposal procedures for such surplus resources, which subsequently results in environmental effluence (Michael 1).
Waste material is an inescapable delinquent, which comprises the diffusion of causes and human conduct, and there are no laid-back explanations to such a problem. A major belief in this matter entails the issue that waste resulting from plastics is not a delinquent instigated by precise resources rather, disorder is triggered by human behavior. Ascribing the waste product issue to a specific wrapping material does not provide solution the waste problem. This is because other types of wrapping materials will substitute it as litter except when there are changes in the behavior of man. However, plastic guidelines will still be required to report the problem of plastic waste entering and persevering in the surroundings. Solid wastes and other plastics are quickly becoming identical (Michael 81).
Reprocessing plastics diminishes the aggregate of accepted possessions mined (natural gas and oil). About 94% of the aggregate energy necessary to yield a kilogram of plastic goes into abstraction and purifying. Therefore, recycling will save this kind of waste of the natural resources. Recycling also creates jobs. The most recent studies done through the California Integrated Waste Management Board, on the monetary effects of discarding and reusing in California, realized that alteration (reutilizing or reprocessing) results in approximately 213 % intensification in transactions and civic expenditures as in comparison to dumping. In addition, it results in a 165% rise in revenue, a 176% upsurge in value-added fabrication, and 191% rise in employments (28).
Availability of markets for reprocessed plastics
The use of plastic as worldwide product, is subject to the unpredictability of world monetary powers. The campus environment depends on plastic export marketplace even as the campus itself tries to absorb more recycled and reusable plastic wastes. Frequently, the international plastic market recompenses an advanced value for reprocessed plastics. Regrettably, plastics marketplace officials, on numerous occasions, are so far beyond the campus’ reach. Three key factors that impact virgin mastic charges, which in turn impact the value producers enthusiastic to reimburse for salvaged gums are the value of natural gas and petroleum, general economic conditions, and the existing virgin mastic manufacture capability compared to demand (Ross and Evans 477).
Another opportunity for the resins is that markets are continuously evolving with the introduction of (also evolving) recycling technologies. These markets and technologies are proving to be viable, thus encouraging recycling plastics of any kind. According to California Integrated Waste Management Board, the effects odf plastic packaging invention has heightened the prices of categorizing plastics and condensed the market worth of reprocessed plastics. These inventions comprise barricades, shades, and escalating single-serve vessel manufacturers (Ross and Evans 322).
This proposal provides a comprehensive work on the recently revolutionized technique of protecting the environment and shielding human health within the university. The invention will entail the creation of a reprocessing plant inside the campus where plastic wastes will be salvaged into generatig new products. This awareness has been selected owing to its capability of reducing environmental contamination within the university. Furthermore, its nature of being affordable means that it guzzles less energy related the use of raw materials in the production of new products (Mudgal et al 91). This knowledge was advanced following students errant actions of dumpig plastic wastes incorrectly. In the future, plastic waste researches should be done in order to:
- Come up with ways of augmenting plastic usage, reprocessing, and dumping in the campus and its environment.
- Reduce subsidies for collection and transportation of plastics waste products. This is because the collection and transportation have proved to be more expensive exercise than buying a new plastic.
- Enhance market for reusable plastics (plastics that can be used to perform another function after rewashing.
- Search for available options to expand film collection of plastics outside the campus in order to increase this source of revenue to the recycling group. The film collection can be improved in two important regions, which are agricultural, and the smaller marketing and supply productions (Mudgal et al 47).
Dubey, Ashutosh, Tewari, Anurag and Chaturvedi, Marie. Plastic Waste and its Recycling. VSRD-TNTJ International Journal, 1.1(2010):30-34.
Michael. Mayor. “The City’s Dirty Recycling Secret” Crain’s New York.Com. The Insider, 25 Nov.2013. Web. 13 Feb.2014.
Mudgal, Shailendra, Lyons, Lorcan, Dias, Debora, Johansson, Linda and Faninger, Thibault. Plastic Waste in the Environment. European Commission Final Report 7.4(2011):1-171.
Ross, Stuart and Evans, David. The Environmental Effect of Re-using and Recycling a Plastic-Based Packaging System. Journal of Cleaner Production 11.1(2003):561-571.
California Integrated Waste Management Board, “Two studies on the economic impacts of diversion: a brief review by Board staff,” draft document, Sacramento, Calif., January 9, 2002 [final document: Diversion Is Good for the Economy: Highlights from Two Independent Studies on the Economic Impacts of Diversion in California, 2003, CIWMB Publication #570-03-002]; California Recycling Economic Information Study, prepared for the CIWMB by R.W. Beck and the National Recycling Coalition, Sacramento, Calif., 2001; The Economic Impact of Waste Disposal and Diversion in California, prepared for the CIWMB by George Goldman and Aya Ogishi, Sacramento, Calif., April 4, 2001.