Education Essays on Development and Contextual Perspectives

The Instructional Principles Inspired By Piaget’s Theory

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development rationalizes the child’s mental perspective as which influenced by its surroundings. The theory opposes the notion that intelligence is innate, denoting that cognitive development as environmentally influenced due to physical and physiological growth of the child. In this way active discovery in children is environmentally oriented. The environment plays a major role in supporting the learning activity of the child.  Evidently children are conferred the ability to adapt and fit in through assimilation and accommodation. Through assimilation processes the child transforms environments into pre-existing and familiar cognitive structures while through adaptation the child remodels cognition structures to conform with the environment.

Through peer teaching and social negotiations, the child is able to interact with peers as they are an important source of intellectual and interpersonal growth and development. (Kim, 2005) Through peer interactions, the child also develops negotiation and social skills like patience, frustration, making friends etc.

Conflict teaching and Socratic dialogue is another principle that adopts instructional strategies that make children aware of conflicts and become “saltatory” and inconsistent in their thinking. Peer teaching and social negotiation allows students to interact with their peers, which is a crucial a lesson of art. Visualization and reflective awareness help in the self-discovery process of the child.

During lessons the teacher should actively mentor the learner and share in the learning experience. Achieving activity and participation of the learners is of importance especially when the content being taught is of unfamiliar nature to the learners (Copple, Sigel, & Saunders, 2013).. This way, learners grasp the content by their own initiative and volition. The interactive natures of Art lessons allow students to learn differently through visual and auditory styles. Listening and doing practical activities with their peers makes them subscribe to numerous viewpoints that provide ultimate benefits for the students.

Since students excel differentially in different fields of knowledge, they tend to assist each other to gain varied skills and practicum from their expertise. The diversity in knowledge and practice is evident when learners are asked to create a painting; some students will start at the bottom edge while others begin at the middle, though eventually they all create the same composition. Students have individual abilities and interest hence reaching development stage at different times. Development of the child is differential and influenced by environmental factors.




Kim, J. S. (2005). The effects of a constructivist teaching approach on student academic achievement, self-concept, and learning strategies. Asia pacific education review, 6(1), 7-19.

Copple, C., Sigel, I. E., & Saunders, R. (2013). Educating the young thinker: Classroom strategies for cognitive growth. Routledge.

Lawton, J. T., Saunders, R. A., & Muhs, P. (1980). Theories of Piaget, Bruner, and Ausubel: explications and implications. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 136(1), 121-136.