Ecology Case Studies Paper on Habitat Loss, Land Use, and Conservation

Habitat Loss, Land Use, and Conservation

A habitat is a natural area occupied by particular kinds of animals and plants. Habitat loss may be caused by various reasons such as physical disasters, which cause adverse effects on the environment (Parejo, Oro, & Danchin, 2006). Poor management of lands such as the burning of vegetation and poor cultivation can make the habitat to disappear entirely. It is thus necessary for the government to try to come up with measures to conserve the habitat for instance by requiring that the people that it represents are mindful of the environment in their day to day activities to ensure that these valuable natural habitats are not destroyed.

An invasive species is a plant-animal species, fungus bacteria insect, fish, or organism eggs, which are not native to their location, which tend to scatter to a certain degree and are believed to harm the environment. They have affected some parts of the United States regarding human health and economy.Some of the invasive varieties in Nebraska include the zebra mussels, white perch, and the rusty crayfish. On the other hand, endemic species are those found in specific regions in the world. The scales vary in scale and exist in mountains, lakes, and islands among other regions.

 Endemism can also apply to subspecies, genera, families, or other taxa. Additionally, most of the endemic species are found on Islands, given that geographic isolation contributes to the preservation of endemism. Some of the endemic species found in Nebraska include the swift fox, northern long-eared bat, black-footed ferret, river otter, and the southern flying squirrel (Habtemariam, 2017). Millions of birds existed initially, but due to the growth of the offspring of cats that fed on them, their numbers dropped to a few hundred thousand. The only bird that could be traced was the ascension frigate bird, which had been moved to nest on an offshore rock where the cats could not access.

The government later intervened by destroying invasive species It has shown its support though coming up with laws to prevent the killing or trading of endangered creatures, making safe pesticides, and protecting habitats. Some of the protected species include the American bald eagle, the crying wolfs, the humpback whales (The Economist, 2016). The most prominent problem facing the government is the loss of habitat. The government has come up with some measures to deal with the degradation of the habitat like creating awareness among its people and educating them on the importance of the habitat and its surroundings. It has also advocated for the preservation of the wetlands and salt marsh vegetation to provide valuable habitats for birds and other crucial species.

Despite the challenges facing the government, it has come up with a plan to curb the developing of areas of significant beauty. The principal way of minimizing the use of pesticides and animal poaching is to establish guarded areas like national parks. Over time, more parks have been established all over the world and more land preserved (The Economist, 2013).

The cougar is famous for its jumping ability and strength. Initially, cougars were regarded as endangered creatures, but their population has been growing predominantly in Western North America. They require extensive lands to support their breeding, and so humans should be cautious not to harm their habitats (Heath, 2013). However, due to the growing economy, people have established settlements on land where these species inhabit and thus destroyed their habitat.

The illegal animal parts’ trade generates 200 million a year, and the number is still growing.  However, poaching is illegal and can lead to severe penalties. Although the penalties are enforced, there is a slim chance of a poacher being caught, as there are not enough law enforcement officers in the federal wildlife parks or game wardens.

The Centre has been evaluating the link between economic costs and conservation value of its living collections. The method it employs is simple in that it compares 60 plants in the array to a large sample of plants existing in the initial population. Additionally, in this scenario, the amount that the state can put in to preserve this phytology vegetation may be around two hundred billions taxpayers’ money. Some of the benefits brought about by conservation include preventing erosion, saving endangered species, protecting health, and assuring food security (“Where eagles dare,” n.d).These plant collections are measured using various graphs that relate conservation size and the cost of plants growing in that a group of 60 plants, and it captures all but a small percentage of the population diversity.

 A point where additional plants in a collection do not give or add significant conservative value is referred to as the diminishing marginal returns. This is because of the addition of genetic taking as the sum of these plants increases. The correlation between collection size and cost, for most conservation work, is the travel time to the field sites and the personal values for the field botanists. The relation reflects the efficiency of the operation. One can preserve a plant when there is maximum collection size, whereby the unit cost is equal to the lowest collection size since the value of conservation is the same.

It is thus essential for the government and other stakeholders to preserve the environment by taking care of the plants, animals because they add value to the economy and the surrounding of the country.

References

Cougars (Mountain Lions) – Living with Wildlife | Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://wdfw.wa.gov/living/cougars.html

Habtemariam, S. (2017). Other Moringa Species Endemic to Africa. The African and Arabian Moringa Species, 193-207. doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-102286-3.00013-0

Heath, C. (2013). 18 Tigers, 17 Lions, 8 Bears, 3 Cougars, 2 Wolves, 1 Baboon, 1 Macaque, and 1 Man Dead in Ohio. The Best American Magazine Writing 2013. doi:10.7312/asme16225-006

Parejo, D., Oro, D., & Danchin, E. (2006). Testing habitat copying in breeding habitat selection in a species adapted to variable environments. Ibis, 148(1), 146-154. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.2006.00494.x

Where eagles dare. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/news/special-report/21585083-more-prosperous-countries-now-favour-protecting-wildlife-not-killing-it-where-eagles