Define the Four Noble Truths and Explain Why it is the Foundation of Buddhism

The Buddhism religion is filled with teaching that revolves around the challenges that people face in their lives, the need to live a righteous life, the importance of using medication for enlightenment and being compassionate. The Four Noble Truths in Buddhism provide the essence of the teaching of Buddha given during the first sermon at Sarnath. These teaching also became the foundation of all other lessons provided by Shakyamuni Buddha.

The Four Noble Truths in Buddhism state that life revolves human suffering, ignorance, the end of pain, and the path to end this suffering. The First Noble Truth explains the existence of dissatisfaction and suffering also referred to as Dukkha. According to this truth, some of the suffering that humans must experience in their lives include grief, sickness, physical pain, aging, unfulfilled dreams, and death. These teaching help Buddhists to understand that, although they may be happy during their lives, such happiness does not last. The second truth was based on the view of cravings, attachment to things, need for acquisition of a fortune, and clinging to sensory desires as the origin of suffering. He taught his followers that having cravings to earthly things led to suffering because of ignorance (Fisher 143-144). The teaching emphasized the need to see the truth rather than clinging to desires.

The Third truth in Buddhism focuses on cessation of the cravings and desires that lead to suffering. The end of suffering is characterized by having a clear insight into the true nature of things. The Fourth truth marks the cessation of these cravings by following the Noble Eightfold path (Fisher 145). This path entails the acquisition of character traits such as wisdom, ethical conduct, and concentrating on the things that matter in life like compassion.

In the Four Noble Truths, Shakyamuni diagnosed the suffering that humans go through and proposed the four steps that could be used to end this suffering. These truths enable people to understand the existence of pain in their lives and the paths they can take to end their suffering. Buddhists understand sadness and suffering as an inevitable companion of happiness.



Work Cited

Fisher, Mary Pat. Living Religions 9th ed. Pearson, 2014. Web.