Gender equality is a condition where men and women enjoy equal rights. For example, through gender equality, men and women engage in economic participation, enjoy the same property rights and have an equal say in decision-making. The role of women in the society has changed since women decided to fight for equal rights through feminist groups. An example of gender equality is in Denmark where women and men get paid the same amount of money for the same job. Also, in the United States, the state allows women to assume leadership roles. In my community, women are also allowed to assume political leadership roles and make decisions on behalf of the community.
A social group is a gathering of people who share the same ideologies, cultural practices and unity among the members (Miller, 2016). There are three main types of social groups- primary secondary and reference groups. Primary social groups are long-lasting; an example is a family. Secondary groups are short-term relations, for example, work relationships. Reference groups are those which members believe in the same behaviours, opinions, values and preferences. An individual does not have to be an actual member of the group.
Anthropologists are instrumental in spearheading change and development in a community. Therefore, anthropology is mandatory in international development because anthropologists study the effects of development projects (Crewe & Axelby, 2013). Furthermore, anthropologists investigate the effects economic change, both socially and culturally. First, it is important to involve anthropologists in international developments because they facilitate the development of policies. Secondly, they protect people from unfavourable policies and exploitation. However, involving anthropologists in international development can delay the start of developmental programs because of bureaucracy. Secondly, involving anthropologists in international development can lead to the formation of unfavourable policies to the community.
Crewe, E., & Axelby, R. (2013). Anthropology and development: Culture, morality and politics in a globalised world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, B. (2016). Cultural anthropology. Pearson Education.