Critical Thinking Assignment on Business Ethics

Business Ethics

Question 1

The shipping and cruise ship businesses contribute to the acidity of ocean waters. This is because of the absorption of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel use, as well as that of other industrial waste and sewage near coastal areas. The cruise ships dump large amounts of raw sewages as well as other harmful wastes into the pristine regions in the ocean. This pollutes the ocean. The pollution is worsened by oils spillages. The oils spills are difficult to clean and thus last for many years in the waters. They have adverse effects on marine life and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Moreover, the ballast water released by the ships, tankers, as well as cargo carriers contains components that have extensive ecological and economic impacts on the aquatic ecosystems.

To combat oceanic pollution from the cruise ships, the government should put in place strict measures and laws that govern the sewages, water ballast, and the oil spills. The government has a duty to set standards and principles that apply limitations and management strategies that sustain the environment. The laws should objectively promote sustainable tourism and thus foster positive changes in the operations of the cruise ships. The regulations can include certification requirements that ensure that the cruise companies meet the environmental standards.

Marine restrictions can be globally arrived at by signing treaties that aim at regulating any pollution from the ships. The treaties should address the root cause of the problems. This should be incorporated with the strict enforcement of the measures as well as well structured incentives for compliance. This will go a long way in ensuring that the shipping firms have their own disposal facilities and thus no wastes that are dumped in the seas.

Question 2

The GMO firms patent and engineer their crops in a manner that does not allow harvested grains germs are not able to develop. This affects the Third World farmers who highly rely on saving seeds and re-using them for the subsequent planting seasons. This has also interfered with the traditional planting methods that would have been suitable in the native environment. This translates into the fact that the GMO foods do not offers solutions to the world hunger and health.

Genetically modified crops cause the Honeybee Colony collapse Disorder. This is because the use of bacillus thuringiensi; previously used to destroy the bufferfly larvae is directly incorporated into the crops. Thus, the genes that bear the insecticides are introduced into the plant. The cells of the GM plants bear their own poison that kills the target insects. The bees ingest the Cry1Ab, a toxic protein, while foraging the GM crops. These leads top sub-lethal effects on the bees as it affects the eating habits of the bees. This impairs the performance of the bees as the bees only respond when food is present. The bees are only left to respond to odor. In the end, this kills the bees’ colony, as they do not collect enough food to sustain the hives. Thus, though the Bt bacteria used in GM crops may not have any lethal impacts when the lethal effects are absent, the toxins contained in the Bt genes puts non-target insects like the bees at risk.