Criminal Law Paper on Challenges in Countering Global Terrorism
Kumarl says that globalization has been an oasis that has led to the alleviation of terrorism from a regional to a global issue (n.p.). The aspect of terrorism has taken a global dimension meaning that it has to be countered from an international perspective. Martin acknowledges that addressing terrorism phenomenon is a very complex and challenging task especially from a global point of view (125). The fact that terrorism has become a global phenomenon further complicates the extent in which states provide measures with the aptitude to counter the attacks. Kumarl believes that international peace and security is put in jeopardy since the international law does not provide adequate corrective justice. To begin with, Kumarl asserts that there is no extent definition of terrorism in the international law which makes it difficult to set legal frameworks addressing the same.
The second drawback identified by International Law Commission (ILC) lies on the aspect of instilling terrorism responsibility to abstract entities (Kumarl n.p.). However, ILC argues that terror attacks are propagated and masterminded by individuals as opposed to abstract entities which further harden counterterrorism measures. It becomes difficult to identify these individuals as they are in organizations, state organs, and even governments. Similarly, terror attackers are on track with the advancement of technology which makes their attacks unpredictable and thwarts mitigation programs (Bassiouni 550). The fact that they are technologically advanced makes them be more advanced in their attacks (Martin 212). Actually, their diversified ways of attacks poses challenges to counterterrorism authorities. For instance, suicide bombing is highly unpredictable and thwarts investigation as the victim also perishes from the incidence (Kirkland 76). Therefore, there are myriad challenges associated with the fight over global terrorism.
Bassiouni, M. Crimes against Humanity in International Criminal Law. The Hague, Kluwer Law International. (1999). 510-556
Kirkland, Robert ed. Case Studies in Domestic and International Terrorist Organizations. (2015), Preliminary Edition, Cognella,
Kumar, Chanchal. Challenges of Global Terrorism-Strategies, Dimensions and Response: In Search of a Perspective. International Affairs and Global Strategy. (2012). Vol 3
Martin, Gus. Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives and Issues. (2015),5th Edition, Sage.